3rd Bn War Diaries 1916

This page is a result of our War Diary Transcription Project. While the transcriptions have been completed, we continue to add links and photographs.

Saturday, January 1, 1916
Location: TEA FARM
Entry: Quiet day. Rain

Sunday, January 2, 1916
Location: TEA FARM
Entry: 11 am – Sgt HOBDAY wounded in arm by stray bullet. Weather fine

Monday, January 3 1916
Location: TEA FARM
Entry: Moved to relieve 2nd Bn
6 pm – Relief complete. D Coy on left, A Coy in centre, C Coy on right, B Coy in support. Maj CORISTINE and 6 n.c.o’s of 42nd Bn came in for 24 hours to look over trenches.
11.15 pm – Cpl SLATER, A Coy shot and killed while on patrol.
Weather fair.

Tuesday, January 4, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: 11.15 am – Brig. Gen. HUGHES and Maj. WEBBER brought up Brig. Gen. MacDONELL, G.O.C. 7th C.I.B., Lt. Col. MacDONELL, O.C. R.C.R., and Lt. Col. CANTLIE, O.C. 42nd Bn., to look over trenches and H.Q.
2.30 pm – Capt NORSWORTHY, ADJT. 42nd and 4 n.c.o’s came up for 24 hrs. Maj CORISTINE and 6 n.c.o’s returned.
Everything quiet. Weather rainy.

Wednesday, January 5, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Capt NORSWORTHY and n.c.o’s returned to their unit.
5-10 pm – Grenadiers wired in and converted to our use a German listening post opposite 15.
Weather fair.

Thursday, January 6, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Capt VANDER SMISSEN returned from leave and went to 8th Can. Inf. Bde. as Staff Captain.
Weather dull. Strong west wind.

Friday, January 7, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: 3 Officers and 16 O.R. of 42nd Bn came up on 24 hrs. 2 O.R. wounded by rifle grenades in D4. we retaliated heavily.
Weather fair. Wind west.

Saturday, January 8, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: 10.20 am– Pte POPE, A Coy, shot & killed while working on C.T. from 14B to 14S.
10.30 am till 1 pm– 2nd Fld. Amb. Advanced Aid Post on WULVERGHEM ROAD heavily shelled with 5:9” H.E.
11 am – 2 pm – Front line, supports and R.E.FARM shelled with 4.1” H.E. and 77mm. 10 O.R. slightly wounded at R.E.FARM.
42nd Bn R.H.C. moved to our relief.
7 pm – Relief complete.
Moved by platoons to billets at DRAMOUTRE.

Sunday, January 9, 1916
Entry: 11 am – Left DRAMOUTRE. Marched through BAILLEUL with band playing, through METEREN and FLETRE to THIEUSHOUK where we billeted. H.Q. and A Coy in village, B Coy in St. Jean Fme Q35.D.7.5., C Coy at Q30.C.1.5., D Coy at Q36.C.5.0., M.G.D. at Q36.A.2.5 (see ref. Sheet 27, 1/40,000 map BELGIUM & FRANCE)
3 pm – Settled in billets. Weather fine.

Monday, January 10, 1916
Entry: Lt GAIRDNER went to grenade course at TERDEGHEM.
Rest. Baths. 33 O.R. went on leave.
Weather fine.

Tuesday, January 11, 1916
Entry: Training begun
Draft of 10 O.R. arrived.
Lt McINTYRE went on leave
Weather fine.

Wednesday, January 12, 1916
Entry: Ordered to move. Vain attempts to find other billets.
A Coy moved to A24.d.8.9.
Capt MASON returned from leave, Lts DYMOND and GRASETT reported for duty.
Weather fair.

Thursday, January 13, 1916
Entry: Training.
Weather dull.

Friday, January 14, 1916
Entry: Capt HAYWOOD went to England for investiture. Capt MOORHOUSE CAMC substituted for him.
7 pm – Maj. Gen. MERCER, Brig. Gen. HUGHES, Maj. WEBBER and Capt. WEDD came to dinner. Some dinner!

Saturday, January 15, 1916
Entry – 2.15 pm – Football match with N. Midland C.C. Station, R.A.M.C. Score 5-0, in our favour. Band in attendance.

Sunday, January 16, 1916
Location: THIEUSHOU(C)K [incorrect spelling in diary]
Entry: 11 am – Church parade. Rev. Capt. GORDON took the service.
Lt GAIRDNER returned from TERDEGHEM. Capt HAYWOOD returned from London. Maj RAE awarded D.S.O., Capts TROY and ROGERS the Military Cross, Sgts. SPENCE and BRUNO, Cpl JONES and L,Cpl WILLIAMS the D.C.M., Sgt CLIFTON mentioned.
Weather cold, dull.

Monday, January 17, 1916
Entry: Lecture on “Loos” by G.S.O.I of 9th Div in BAILLEUL attended by C.O. and O.C’s Coys.
Weather cold, dull.

Tuesday, January 18, 1916
Entry: Lt PLATT and 22 O.R. went on leave.

Wednesday, January 19, 1916
Entry: Capt TROY, Lts. BURKE, MacDONALD and MacNAMARA [insert] & 4 n.c.o.’s [end insert] returned from Divisional Training School.
Played the Highland Light Infantry at football, wining 3-2.
Weather fine.

Thursday, January 20, 1916
Entry: Ordered to move H.Q. to W.5.w.7.7. [insert] (close to FLETRE) [end insert]. Regimental mess broken up.
Weather unsettled.

Friday, January 21, 1916
Location: FLETRE
Entry: Training continued.
Weather unsettled.

Saturday, January 22, 1916
Location: FLETRE
Entry: Maj NEWMAN, Lts. HOLLAM, KIPPEN and GRASETT and 4 n.c.o’s went to Divisional Training School.
Brigade route march to BERTHEM-METEREN.
Weather cloudy, later fine.

Sunday, January 23, 1916
Location: FLETRE
Entry: 10 am – Church parade. Rev. Capt. WARNER took service
Promulgated sentences of Sgt. McJANNETT, Sgt. STACEY [striking a soldier] and Sgt. FIELDER [drunkenness] (all reduced to the ranks) and Pte. MARKUM (90 days F P No 1).
Lt WESTON reported. Lt GRIFFIN reported and was sent to 1st Bde M.G. Coy. Lt. McINTYRE returned from leave.
Weather fine

Monday, January 24, 1916
Location: FLETRE
Entry: Lt McINTYRE went to 46th Trench Mortar Battery

Tuesday, January 25, 1916
Location: FLETRE
Entry: Bathing
Weather fine.

Wednesday, January 26, 1916
Location: FLETRE
Weather unsettled.

Thursday, January 27, 1916
Location: FLETRE
Entry: Battalion went to LEVRETTE (R29.B.7.5.) for gas test. Played 2nd Div. C.F.A. at football with only 7 men on our team. Score 9-0 our favour. Weather rainy.

Friday, January 28, 1916
Location: FLETRE
Entry: Promulgated commutation to 90 days F.P. No 1 of Pte WILLIAMS [absent without leave] 1 yr IHL. Lieut BURKE left us this AM for appointment in England. Lt. PLATT returned from leave.

Saturday, January 29, 1916
Location: FLETRE
Entry: New cap badges issued. Weather muggy. 8 P.M. Gas Alert. Wind E. to N.E. 5 mph.

Sunday, January 30, 1916
Location: FLETRE
Entry: Moved from FLETRE at 8.00 AM via METEREN-BAILLEUL to DRAMOUTRE. Gas Alert still on. 6th Bgde minor operation a success. Lt A D McDONALD reported for duty. Att. D. Coy. Very foggy. Gen’l RENNIE called.

Monday, January 31, 1916
Location: [not reported – assumed DRAMOUTRE (see entry Jan 30, 1916)]
Entry: Ptes GREEN and MAY tried by FGCM. WILLIAMS sent to WESTHOF. Gas Alert still on.

Tuesday, February 1, 1916
Entry: Weather fine. Gas alert still on. Lieut MARANI returned to duty attached B Coy. Capt ALLEY and Capt HUTCHESON and 14 O.R. went on leave.

Wednesday, February 2, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Weather fine. Moved to trenches – A Coy at R.E. Fm (N35.D.7.6.), C Coy to right, D Coy to left and B to centre sect. H.Q. at COOKER Fm (N35.C.3.8.). Relief completed at 7.30 pm. Gas alert called off at 1.50 pm and put on again at 8 pm.

Thursday, February 3, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Quiet. Very little shelling to-day. Weather fine. Gas Alert cancelled at 5.15 pm. Lt HOLLAND returned to duty. Lt MacKENZIE returned from leave.

Friday, February 4, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Lt. GABIAN (Corps Intelligence) attached to us. Two O.R. slightly wounded. Draft of 30 O.R. arrived. Weather fine.

Saturday, February 5, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Maj NEWMAN and Lt KIPPEN returned from DIV TRAINING SCHOOL. Lt. ANGLIN and 6 O.R. on Lewis Gun Course..

Sunday, February 6, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Relieved by 2nd Bn, completed at 6.30 pm., and moved to BDE RESERVE, A Coy at T10.G.5.7., B and D Coys to AIRCRAFT FM., C Coy and H.Q. at TEA FARM. Weather cloudy, rain towards night.

Monday, February 7, 1916
Location: TEA FARM
Entry: Sentence of Pte. GREEN, 56 days of F.P. No.1., promulgated. Capt TIDY went on leave. Lts. DYMOND, MARANI, and McLEAN and 4 n.c.o.s went to DIV. TRAINING SCHOOL. Weather fine.

Tuesday, February 8, 1916
Location: TEA FARM
Entry: 2nd Bn. tried a minor operation, unfortunately unsuccessfully.
Weather unsettled.

Wednesday, February 9, 1916
Location: TEA FARM
Entry: Lt WEDD reported for duty. Maj RAE visited H.Q.
Weather fine.

A photo of Pte. Eddie Lock and Sgt. Slater, 3rd (Toronto) Battalion taken in the trenches at Plogsteert Woods, near Ypres, September, 1915.

Thursday, February 10, 1916
Location: TEA FARM
Entry: Capt ALLEY returned from leave. Pte. LOCK[E] killed while wiring. Pte. SORENSEM wounded by a stray while on working party.
Weather fine.

Friday, February 11, 1916
Location: TEA FARM
Entry: Capt. HUTCHESON returned from leave. Pte LOCK[E] buried.
Weather rainy.

Saturday, February 12, 1916
Location: TEA FARM
Entry: Moved to relieve 2nd Bn.
7 pm – Relief complete. H.Q. at COOKER FM, A Coy on right, B coy in centre, D Coy on left, C Coy in support at R.E. FARM.
9 pm – Pte GEDGE, D Coy, wounded himself accidentally.
Weather fair.

Sunday, February 13, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Much aerial activity on both sides. Our trench mortars smashed German trenches considerably. No retaliation. Pte. GUNN, A Coy, shot and killed.
Weather fine.

Monday, February 14, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Our trench mortars active. Germans retaliated with light trench mortar and minenwerfer bombs wounding 3 O.R. Our 4.5 hows silenced them. About 30 77mm shells burst in rear of trench 15. No damage.
Weather – high west wind, showery. Night fine.

Tuesday, February 15, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Pte CORNEAU tried by F.G.C.M [threatening and superior officer and drunkenness]. Considerable trench mortar and minenwerfer activity. No casualities.
Weather – high west wind, rain towards evening.

Wednesday, February 16, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: 100 steel helmets issued as trench stores, in addition to the 50 already in use. 4 Signallers drafted in from Shorncliffe. 3 men returned from base. Lt. GAIRDMER went tp STOKES bun course at BERTHEN.
A German working party on parapet opposite D3 was dispersed by our fire.
Weather – high west wind, cloudy.

Thursday, February 17, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: 50 more steel helmets issued. Minenwerfer retaliation for our trench mortar activity. No casualties. Rifle grenades slightly wounded 2 O.R. in 15, one returning to duty. 1 O.R. hit in ear while on listening post in front of 15.
Weather – moderate west wind. Fair

Friday, February 18, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Trenches shelled by 77mm, 4.1 and 5.9 H.E. about noon. 1 O.R. wounded in 14B. No minenwerfer retaliation to our trench mortar. Relieved by 2nd Bn.
6.30 pm – Relief complete. Moved to billets in DRAMOUTRE.
Weather rainy.

Saturday, February 19, 1916
Entry: Sgt [unlegible] LUCK, Pte CHOLDCROFT and Sgt SHEERAN killed by a shell at transport lines. Two horses killed and several wounded. N.C.O.s and man buried at LOCRE.

Sunday, February 20, 1916
Entry: Bathing and working parties. Half the battalion inoculated. Gas Alert. Brigade canteen opened.

Monday, February 21, 1916
Entry: Bathing and working parties. Capt ROGERS and 11 O.R. went on leave. Concert by 3rd Canadian Fld. Amb. Minstrel Troupe and our band in the Y.M.C.Q. tent. Gas Alert cancelled.
Weather cold.

Tuesday, February 22, 1916
Entry: Working parties. Remainder of battalion inoculated. Cold, heavy snowfall.

Wednesday, February 23, 1916
Entry: Gas Alert. Working parties. Still cold, snow on the ground.
Dinner by Capt DYMOND and Capt. MacNAMARA to wet their stars.

Thursday, February 24, 1916
Entry: Moved to relieve 2nd Bn.
7.30 pm – Relief complete. A Coy on right, B centre, C left, D at R.E. FARM. Leave cancelled. Weather fine.

Friday, February 25, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Lt. CHISHOLM and Lt. KIDD reported for duty. Fired on with rifle grenades and dispersed a working party in trench opposite D. Enemy retaliated with heavy minenwerfer bombs. Two grenadiers wounded.
Weather – snow.

Saturday, February 26, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Quiet day. Grenadier wounded by shrapnel while carrying [??]from WULVERGHEM. Heavy rifle fire from the right (near PLOEGSTEERT) at night.
Weather muggy, rain.

Sunday, February 27, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Quiet day. Considerable sniping at night. Pte POTTS, C Coy, killed.

Monday, February 28, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: 4 German planes dropped bombs between Brigade H.Q. and NEUVE EGLISE. Brisk rifle fire at night. 1 O.R. slightly wounded in A Coy.
Weather – fair.

Tuesday, February 29, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: 8 am – Lt KIPPEN shot two Germans. Our artillery active, cutting enemy’s wire.
Weather – fine in morning, cloudy in afternoon and showery.

Wednesday, March 1, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Our artillery very active, especially in afternoon, cutting wire in front of 14-15-16 trenches. Retaliation slight and ineffective. 1 O.R. slightly wounded at R.E. FARM. 1 O.R seriously wounded by muzzle premature of Hales R.G. Relieved by 2nd Bn and moved into Brigade Reserve, H.Q. and B Coy at TEA FARM, A and C Coys at AIRCRAFT Fm, D Coy at KANDAHAR FM (T.10.G.5.7) No. 2 Coy 43rd Canadian Bn (Cameron Highlanders) attached for training, one platoon to each company. Maj GIBBINS in charge. Weather fine. Gas Alert cancelled.

Thursday, March 2, 1916
Entry: 4:30 am – Field guns, heavies & hows all opened up. MGs opening indirect fire on approaches appalling now. Germans contributed a splendid display of rockets & flares. The strafe lasted violently for 30 minutes, then gradually died down. It was a demonostration to cover attack on International Trench in YPRES salient. Attack was successful. Little reply to our bombardment. Draft of 26 O.R. reported. Bathing & working parties. Gas Alert. Weather – snow.

Friday, March 3, 1916
Entry: Bathing and working parties. Weather – cold, snow.

Saturday, March 4, 1916
Entry: Bathing and working parties. Lt PLATT and 1 O.R. to M.G. School at WISQUES. Weather – rain.

Sunday, March 5, 1916
Entry: Divine Service at AIRCRAFT Fm. Working parties increased. Maj RAE called. German heavies shelled vicinity of Bde H.Q. and ridge in front. Lt KIDD to Grenade School. 1 O.R. slightly wounded on working party. – Weather fair.

Monday, March 6, 1916
Entry: Working parties again increased. 43rd Coy attached to us relieved that attached to 2nd Bn, which joined us. Capt VANDER SMISSEN came to lunch and dinner. Sgt H.K. CLIFTON awarded the MEDAILLE MILITAIRE. Weather – cold, snow and sleet.

Tuesday, March 7, 1916
Entry: Capt VANDER SMISSEN to tea. Relieved 2nd Bn. Relief complete at 6:45 pm. 1 O.R. in C Coy shot near COOKERS Fm. A Coy on right, D in centre, C on left, B at R.E. FARM, H.Q. at COOKERS FM. Weather – snow.

Wednesday, March 8, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Cookers Farm shelled 10-11 am. No damage. Weather – fair, cold.

Thursday, March 9, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Ptes BOLTON, ARCHIBALD and TUPPER all shot in head and killed about 4 a.m. 1 O.R. wounded in head, saved by steel helmet. 18 5.9” H.E. fell near R.E. FARM in afternoon. No damage. Buried 3 O.R. killed earlier in the day. 43rd went out. Weather fair, cold.

Friday, March 10, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Lts MacKENZIE, GRASETT and McDONALD returned from Divisional Training School. Lt. CRAWFORD reported for duty. Lts WEDD and KIPPEN went to Gas School. Lt. PLATT returned from M.G. School.

Saturday, March 11, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Our T.M. activity drew retaliation from the minenwerfer [mine launcher – German name for a class of short range mortars]. No damage. 1 O.R. wounded by rifle grenade in 15 trench. Maj RAE came to lunch.

Sunday, March 12, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Considerable minenwerfer activity on our left. Our 4.5” hows retaliated. Capt ADAMS to tea. Weather – Spring, Fine and warm.

Monday, March 13, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Our guns active all day. Meagre reply from enemy. Minenwerfer fairly active, wounding 1 O.R. Relieved by 2nd Bn, and moved to billets at DRAMOUTRE.

Tuesday, March 14, 1916
Entry: Muster, pay, kit inspection, baths. Maj RAE returned to regimental duty. Weather – fine.

Wednesday, March 15, 1916
Entry: Bathing. Draft of 36 O.R. reported. Maj. Gen. CURRIE and Brig. Gen. HUGHES called. Weather – fine.

Thursday, March 16, 1916
Entry: Finished bathing. Route marches. Weather fine.

Friday, March 17, 1916
Entry: ST PATRICK’S DAY. Band up for guard mount. Half holiday. Regimental football team played 6th Canadian Field Ambulance at LOCRE, losing 2-1. Dinner by Maj. MASON and Capt MacDONALD. Weather – fine.

Saturday, March 18, 1916
Entry: Nothing to record. Weather fine.

Sunday, March 19, 1916
Entry: Church parade. Rev. Capt. WARNER took the service. Leave re-opened. Lt. GORDON reported back from hospital. Draft of 50 O.R. reported. Weather – fine.

Monday, March 20, 1916
Entry: Lt.Col. ALLAN, Capt MacDONALD and Capt KELLY and 15 O.R. went on leave. Moved to relieve 2nd Bn. Relief completed at 8 pm. B Coy on right, D Coy in centre, C Coy on left, A Coy at R.E. FARM, H.Q at COOKERS Fm. Lts WILLIS, SIMMIE and COOMBS reported.

Private William Peddie – Toronto Star April 1, 1916

Tuesday, March 21, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Pte McDONALD (B Coy) fatally wounded, Pte COLLINS and Pte PEDDIE killed. 2 O.R. wounded on patrol. Weather – misty, cool.

Wednesday, March 22, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Lt GAIRDNER to hospital. Trench mortars silenced the minenwerfer. Weather – cold, snow.

Thursday, March 23, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Quiet day. More snow.

Friday, March 24, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Officers from 9th East Surreys [Regiment (British Army) in existence 1881] came to look over the line. Lt. MARION attached for instruction. T.M.s again silenced “minnie”. Snow.

Saturday, March 25, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: More E. Surreys up. Weather – cold, fine.

Sunday, March 26, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: E. Surreys again, and some officers of N. Staffs [North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales’s) (British Army) in existence between 1881 and 1959]. Weather cold. Capt COOPER, Lt KIPPEN and 14 O.R. on leave.

Monday, March 27, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Violent bombardment by our artillery from 4-5 am, trench mortars joining in. Little retaliation. Germans shelled us heavily but without effect about 12 noon and about 5 pm. Relieved by 9th E. Surreys, relief complete 9:30 pm. Moved to Bde Reserve – A Coy at T10.G.5.7, B Coy & D Coy at AIRCRAFT FARM. M.G. and Grenadiers at SCREEN FARM T3.G.2.2., H.Q. at T3.G.5.8.

Tuesday, March 28, 1916
Entry: Relieved by Queens R. West Surreys, and moved by Companies to DRAMOUTRE, thence as a Battalion through LOCRE and WESTOUTRE to billets in CORPS RESERVE H.Q. at R18.a.6.8 (Sheet 27). H.Q. billet at R11.A.1.7, A Coy at R17.G.5.3., B Coy at R18.C.9.5., C Coy at R24.A.1.7., D Coy at R23.G.7.8., and R23.G.2.8. M.G. and Grenadiers at R23.G.3.3. Arrived at billets about 5 pm. State – 26 Officers 835 O.R.
Weather – fair, cool.

Wednesday, March 29, 1916
Entry: Kit inspection.
Lts CRAGG and CHATTERTON reported for duty.
Weather – fine, cool.

Thursday, March 30, 1916
Entry: Major RAE, O.C. Coys, M.G.O. and O i/c Grenadiers, and Signalling Sergeant went to check over new line. Weather fine.

Saturday, April 1, 1916
Entry: Move through WESTOUTRE and RENINGHELST and OUDERDOM to SCOTTISH LINES (G.23.a.9.5.) Lt McLEAN to Sniping School. Marching state Officers 27 O.R. 810. Weather fine.

Sunday, April 2, 1916
Entry: Church parade. Rev. Capt. GORDON took the service. Capt ALLEY, Capt MacNAMARA and Lt ANGLIN with R.S.M. and 6 n.c.o.s went up to check over Brigade Support positions.
Moved to Brigade Support. Owing to UPPER GORDON TERRACE and KINGSWAY having been badly smashed by shelling this afternoon, whole Battalion quartered in BEDFORD HOUSE. Sgt EVANS wounded near R.10. Weather fine.

Monday, April 3, 1916
Entry: Major RAE, Lieut. CALHOUN and 14 O.R. went on leave. Air sentries posted. German planes active. Considerable artillery activity on both sides. Large working parties at night. Weather fine.

Tuesday, April 4, 1916
Entry: D Company moved to quarters at DIVISIONAL REPORT CENTRE, with No. 4 Platoon ‘A’ Coy. Ptes MINNS and RALSTON, “M.G.S.” slightly wounded in front line. Capt CLIFTON granted commission. Working parties. Weather fair, cool.

Wednesday, April 5, 1916
Entry: Artillery active, especially towards ST. ELOI. Large working parties at night. Lt. KIPPEN from leave. Weather – dull.

Thursday, April 6, 1916
Entry: Lt CLIFTON went on leave. Capt COOPER from leave. Cpl POINTER wounded on working party. Weather fair, rain at night.

Friday, April 7, 1916
Entry: Lt HUTCHISON returned from Hospital, 29 O.R. reinforcements reported. 1 O.R. in B Coy slightly wounded on working party. Capt VANDER SMISSEN came back to Regimental Duty. Weather – fine.

Saturday, April 8, 1916
Entry: Lt McLEAN from Sniping School. Less artillery activity than on previous days. Weather – fine.

Sunday, April 9, 1916
Entry: LCpl NOEL killed by shell near SWAN CHATEAU. 3 n.c.o’s to 2nd Army School, Capt MARANI to Stokes course at TERDEGHEM. 1 O.R. to COLT course. Service at BEDFORD HOUSE at 5 pm – Rev. Capt. WARNER. 1 O.R. slightly wounded on working party. Weather – fine.

Monday, April 10, 1916
Entry: Capt MacNAMARA and Lt. McLEAN and 15 O.R. went on leave. Lt. KIDD wounded in leg in front trench. Moved to relieve 2nd Battalion. 2 O.R. wounded by shell at BEDFORD HOUSE. Relief complete 11.15 pm.
A Coy – 33,33.S. from LOVERS LANE 34,34.S.
B Coy – 34,34.S. from THORNE STREET 35,35.S
C Coy – 36,36.S.
D Coy – 37.
Weather – fine.

Tuesday, April 11, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Little activity, 20 H.E. Shrapnel near ravine. No damage. Rain. General HUGHES called.

Wednesday, April 12, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: 2 O.R. wounded by bullets in early morning. At 11 am we blew a German mine shaft near THE DUMP. Ground rocked, but no crater made. Fritz showed no resentment. – Rain.

Thursday, April 13, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: H.Q. and PETTICOAT LANE heavily shelled at 2 a.m. for 15 minutes by 4.1” H.E.S. No damage. Pte SUNDERLAND killed [scratched out and replaced with “severely wounded”] out wiring [begin insert] and ??? [unlegible] Lt Geo. Clarence Willis and No. 10182 Pte Henry James Williams left the trench in the face of heavy machine fun fire and brought Pte Sunderland in [end insert] 2.30 am. 1 O.R. sniped from HILL 60 during morning, and wounded. Snipers smashed several German periscopes but got no other targets. R.S.M. COOPER given commission, C.S.M. GOOD took over. Buried Pte SUNDERLAND. Weather – fine.

Friday, April 14, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Pte. BRITTON killed by sniper. No activity. Buried Pte BRITTON. Weather – fine.

Saturday, April 15, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: 1 O.R. slightly wounded. Lt COOPER went on leave. Weather – fine.

Sunday, April 16, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Relieved by 16th Canadian Battalion. Marched to railway at H.12.a. and took train to POPERINGHE, arriving 4 am 17th. Lt CLIFTON from leave. Weather – fine. Night – rainy, cool.

Monday, April 17, 1916
Entry: Arrived at billets, RUE-de-BOESCHEPE at 4.30 am. Maj RAE returned from leave. Lt. KIPPEN and 1 O.R. to school at TERDEGHEM. Lts WESTON and CRAWFORD and 5 n.c.o’s to Divisional Trench Mortar and Grenade School. Weather – unsettled.

Tuesday, April 18, 1916
Entry: Baths. Parades – Pay and Muster. Weather – unsettled.

Wednesday, April 19, 1916
Entry: Baths. Parades – Pay and Muster. Weather – unsettled.

Thursday, April 20, 1916
Entry: 4 n.c.o.’s attached to 1st Coldstream Guards for training. Working party of 500 men to bury cable.

Friday, April 21, 1916
Entry: Capts CHISHOLM and MARANI gave a dinner.

Saturday, April 22, 1916
Entry: Rainy. Capt MacNAMARA and Lt McLEAN from leave. Lt McDONALD to be Brigade Wiring Officer.

Sunday, April 23 (Easter), 1916
Entry: Church parade. Rev. Capt. GORDON took the service.

Monday, April 24, 1916
Entry: Promulgated sentence of Pte MURRAY – death, commuted to 5 years, suspended [Convicted of Desertion]. Capt COOPER to Hospital, 20 O.R. quarantined for measles. Stood to at 6.15 pm, Stood down and moved at 7.30 pm to DICKEBUSCH HUTS, H.26.b., relieving 10th Battalion. Weather – fine.

Tuesday, April 25, 1916
Entry: Working party of 75 went up to front line. Lt ANGLIN to Brigade Machine Gun Company. Weather fine.

Wednesday, April 26, 1916
Entry: Lt CRAWFORD took over M.G.’s. Lt COOPER from leave. Lt. MARION returned to England. Working party of 50 ordered but called off. Very heavy shelling, our guns active. Standing ready to move from 7 pm. till.

Thursday, April 27, 1916
Entry: Stood down at 9 am. Working party of 50 called. Corporals class started. Weather fine.

Friday, April 28, 1916
Entry: Carried on with Corporals class. Bombing instruction. Physical drill. Working party of 300 called. Weather fine.

Saturday, April 29, 1916
Entry: Working party of 300. Carried on with routine. Stood to on gas horns sounding. Heavy firing from about SP[?]ANBROEKMOLEN. Stood down about midnight. Weather fine.

Sunday, April 30, 1916
Entry: Church parade – Rev. Capt. WARNER took service. Working party of 300. 2 O.R. wounded by strays. Gas Alarm again. Little shelling. Stood down almost at once. Weather – fine.

Monday May 1, 1916
Weather: Fine
Entry: Working parties of 300 went forward. 3 O.R wounded.

Tuesday, May 2, 1916
Weather: Thunderstorm in afternoon, clearing later.
Entry: Moved to relieve 2nd Bn in trenches 38-44. Relief complete without loss 1.45 am 3rd. Disposition – A Coy in support, at R.7.R.8. and LARCH WOOD, B Coy 38-39, C Coy 40-41, D Coy 42-43-44.

Wednesday, May 3, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine.
Entry: Quiet day. 1 O.R, slightly wounded by shrapnel on ration party.

Thursday, May 4 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine
Entry: Pte DAKE shot through head and killed. Our snipers got two Germans on Hill 60.

Lieutenant H. E. B. Platt

Friday, May 5, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine
Entry: Lt H.E.B. PLATT shot through head while on patrol at 12.39 a.m. Pte P. LAMBERT who was with him came in for help. a/C.S.M. E.C. HARVEY and Sgt. A. NOTTINGHAM immediately went out with him, and the three very gallantly brought Lt. PLATT in, still alive, under a heavy rifle fire and bombing. Lt PLATT died at Advanced Aid Post, RAILWAY DUGOUTS, at 5 a.m. Our snipers shot 3 Germans on Hill 60. 2 O.R. wounded, La.Cpl. GODFREY killed. Pte DAKE and La.Cpl GODFREY buried.

Saturday, May 6, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine
Entry: Pte PARSISSON killed; buried at 11 pm.

Sunday, May 7, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine
Entry: 3 O.R. wounded. Threw some 280 rifle grenades into enemy trenches, getting feeble response. Major MASON and 15 O.R. went on leave.

Monday, May 8, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine, rain at night.
Entry: 4 O.R. wounded. Ten O.R. returned from hospital via the Base. Strafed heavily again with rifle grenades, less reply even than on 6th.

Gravestone of Private Henry James Williams

Tuesday, May 9, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Rainy
Entry: Ptes WILLIAMS [M.M.] and FRANCE killed by rifle grenades. 1 O.R. wounded in head. Mining heard under new crater in front of Trench 42.

Wednesday, May 10, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fair
Entry: Quiet day. 3 O.R. wounded. Relief by 15th Bn complete at 12.45 am 11th..

Thursday, May 11, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine
Entry: Moved by platoons to railway at H.12.00, took train to G.11.a.8.9. and marched to SCOTTISH LINES, G.23.a.8.5 arriving 4 a.m. Day off. Capt MacDONALD, Lt WEDD and 5 O.R. to Div G and TM School.

Friday, May 12, 1916
Weather: Fine
Entry: Parades at 7 am, 9am and 2 pm. Kit inspections. Company drill.

Saturday, May 13, 1916
Weather: Rainy
Entry: Baths. Kit inspection. Lt WILLIS awarded Military Cross, late Pte WILLIAMS military medal (see entry for 13-4-16)

Sunday, May 14, 1916
Weather: Rainy
Entry: Church parade. Rev. Major SCOTT. Capts ROGERS, ALLEY, VANDER SMISSEN and CHISHOLM attended one-day Stokes gun course at Div. T.M. School. LT McLEAN to 2nd Army Grenade School. Capt KELLY rejoined. Dinner to Lt.Col. COLQUHOUN and officers of 4th Canadian Bn.

Monday, May 15, 1916
Weather: Rainy, later fine.
Entry: Muster parade. Capt VANDER SMISSEN and 20 O.R. went on leave.

Tuesday, May 16, 1916
Weather: Fine
Entry: Inspection at 3 p.m. by Maj. Gen. CURRIE.

Wednesday, May 17. 1916
Weather: Fine
Entry: Maj. MASON returned from leave. Capt MacDONALD and Lt WEDD returned from Div. G. and T.M/ School. Working party of 350 went forward.

Thursday, May 18, 1916
Weather: Fine
Entry: Moved to relieve 10th Bn. in Bde Support Right Sector. HQ, A Coy, Details, to BEDFORD HOUSE, B & C Coys to WHITE CHATEAU H.29.a.5.8, D Coy to Div Report Centre. Relief complete 10.30 pm.

Friday, May 19, 1916
Weather: Fine
Entry: Working parties. 2 O.R. slightly wounded.

Saturday, May 20, 1916
Weather: Fine
Entry: Large working parties.

Sunday, May 21, 1916
Weather: Fair
Entry: Large working parties. Lt. R.H. SLOANE reported for duty.

Monday, May 22, 1916
Weather: Fine
Entry: Large working parties. Draft of 14 O.R. reported.

Tuesday, May 23, 1916
Weather: Fine
Entry: Capt DYMOND, Lt HUTCHISON and 15 O.R. went on leave. Large working parties.

Wednesday, May 24, 1916
Weather: Rainy
Entry: Large working parties. 2 O.R. wounded.

Thursday, May 25, 1916
Weather: Unsettled
Entry: a/CSM HARVEY, Sgt NOTTINGHAM and Pte LAMBERT awarded military medal (see entry for May 5). Large working parties. Capt VANDER SMISSEN returned from leave.

Friday, May 26, 1916
Weather: Fair
Entry: Sgt S.G. HOBDAY granted his commission and posted to this regiment. Relieved 2nd Bn in front line A Coy 33-34, B Coy 34-35, C Coy 35-36, D Coy 37. 1 O.R. wounded during relief. Relief complete 12 midnight.

Saturday, May 27, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine
Entry: Quiet day. 2 O.R. wounded.

Sunday, May 28, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine
Entry: Capt ALLEY left at 7.30. 6 casualties from a premature burst of one of our shells. 1 casualty from bullet. Lieut GRASSET on leave.

Monday, May 29, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine
Entry: German and British aeroplane brought down. Capt McNAMARA to duty with D Coy.

Tuesday, May 30, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Rainy AM but fine at night.
Entry: New B.M. [Brigade Major] called making a tour of trenches. Lieut PATTERSON of 12th Battery seriously wounded. 5 other casualties. Took over Tr. 38 from 10 Bn.

Wednesday, May 31, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Weather: Fine
Entry: Capt KELLY wounded in head by rifle grenade. 6 O.R. wounded and 1 killed. Relieved by 8th Bn at 11 p.m. and proceeded to DICKEBUSCH HUTS.

June 1, 1916
Place: Dickebusch Huts
Entry: Arrived from trenches about 2 am. Colonel Allan acting Brigadier General in absence of Brigadier General HUGHES. Capt DYMOND returned from leave. Capt. McNAMARA posted to C Company, Lieut SIMMIE to Grenadiers.

June 2, 1916
Place: Dickebusch Huts
Entry: Weather fine. Sgt Oliver, Pte Peachey and Lacey. F.G.C.M. taken. President Major MASON, Capt NELLES and Lieut GRASSETT. Lieut HUTCHISON returned from leave, Lieut CRAGG from Grenade course. Germans attack 3rd DIVISION Front between 50 and 58 with success. 1st Battalion move to G.H.Q. This Battalion standing to at 9.45 pm.

June 3, 1916
Place: Dickebusch Huts
Entry: Moved at 3am from DICKEBUSCH HUTS to SEGARD CHATEAU, occupying G.H.Q. lines.

Disposition: – A Coy. At Strong Point
1 M.G. “ “ “

G.H.Q. new line: –
Co Coy.
½ D Coy.
2 M.G.
G.H.Q. old line: –
B Coy.
½ D Coy.
2 M.G.

Gravestone for Lieutenant G. E. Cragg

Entry: Many rumors afloat as to German attack on 3rd DIVISION. It is considered generally successful. General MERCER reported captured. Col. ALLAN and Lieut KIPPEN went to 2nd Brigade. H.Q. at RAILWAY DUGOUTS. At 4.20 pm we were placed under orders of 2nd Brigade. Arrived at RAILWAY DUGOUTS at 11.45 pm.

Disposition: –
A Coy.
C Coy.
SUNKEN ROAD dugouts: –
B Coy.
D Coy.

Party of 50 men under Capt MARANI detailed to bury dead in SQUARE WOOD. Following casualties on way up to RAILWAY DUGOUTS (at 11.15 pm):
Lieut. G.E. CRAGG Killed
2 O.R. Killed
17 O.R. Woulded

Sunday, June 4, 1916
Entry: Had numerous working parties all day.
Following awards to Battalion: –
Col. W.D. ALLAN D.S.O.
Sgt. McCLEARY Military Medal
“ WHITEACRE – do –
Pte LAMBERT – do –
Two officers of this Battalion seconded for duty elsewhere
Major R.J. BROOK D.S.O.
Capt. W.B. WEDD M.C.
Germans still in possession of ARMAGH WOOD. During night of 4-5 all available men were on working parties. Considerable wind and some rain. Lieut KIPPEN sick and slightly wounded by shrapnel.

Monday, June 5, 1916
Entry: 7.45 PM ordered to relieve 1st Battalion. Relief completed at 12.50 AM on 6th.
During the 5th we had 8 casualties at RAILWAY DUGOUTS, mostly minor – at 1.30 PM

Tuesday, June 6, 1916
Entry: At about 1.30 AM there was a heavy artillery duel. At 1.45 PM the Germans commenced to bombard in neighborhood of HILL 60. Shortly afterwards he also bombarded our lines in vicinity of HOOGE and exploded 3 mines. No artillery activity on our front. Lieut SLOAN hit on the hand by Shrapnel. General LIPSETT called to see Col ALLAN.

Lieutenant G. L. B. Mackenzie

Wednesday, June 7, 1916
Entry: Weather unsettled. Artillery quiet during AM. Lieut G.L.B. MACKENZIE made a reconnaissance of part of our front discovering the German outpost line. Sgt BURGER who was with him was wounded. Lieut MACKENZIE returned to Company after reporting at Battalion H.Q., was Killed – sniped from HILL 60. Col ALLAN went to 2nd Brigade H.Q. at 2 PM and was away until 6.45 PM. During afternoon Germans shelled in vicinity of ZILLEBEKE, ZILLEBEKE SWITCH and Battalion H.Q.

Thursday, June 8, 1916
Entry: Weather unsettled. The heavy artillery did some shooting over our front. Dropped several short, smashing a Machine Gun and killing one man. Officers of 25th Batallion did not relieve us until 3 AM on the 9th. B Coy. caught Busses at KRUISSTRAAT. One platoon of A Company not reported. Capt. ALLEY and Lieut. GRASSETT back from leave.

Friday, June 9, 1916
Entry: Rest. Kit inspection. Weather fine. Missing platoon reported

Saturday, June 10, 1916
Entry: Baths. Major General CURRIE spoke to the Regiment. C.O. dined at 2nd Brigade H.Q. Weather – Heavy showers.

Sunday, June 11, 1916
Place: -ditto-
Entry: Church parade. Rev. Capt. GORDON took the service. Moved forward by bus to R.E. DUMP, then relieved 25th Battalion in the line. B Coy. in ZILLEBEKE SWITCH, D Coy. near VALLEY COTTAGES, A and C Coy’s in X TRENCH.

Monday, June 12, 1916
Entry: In trenches. Rain all day. C.O. and Major MASON at Brigade H.Q. all afternoon. Special flares and rockets distributed. 9 PM “B” and “D” Coy’s moved up to front line. 10 PM in position, “C” on left, “A” in centre, “D” on right. “B” Coy to the right of “D.” 8-8.30pm. Intense bombardment of the German positions by our artillery, who had been shooting steadily all day. See Appendix A for Operation Order

June 13, 1916
Entry: 12.45 am – 1.30 am Intense bombardment by our artillery. 1.30 am, artillery lifted to our original support lines, and front line, and C, A and D Coy’s, with bombers and M.G., rushed German front line from S.P. 11 to MACHINE GUN TRENCH. Right attack met little opposition and bayoneted the Germans in the trench. C and A Coy’s met rifle and M.G. fire, but pushed on, carried trench and bayoneted most of the occupants. Capt. MACNAMARA was hit in both legs in this attack. Capt DYMOND was wounded. 1.40 am B Coy left X TRENCH, and two platoons to consolidate German front line. From 12.45 am on, the German shell fire along X TRENCH, and in front of it was very heavy.

1.50 am our artillery lifted to original German line, and the attack pushed forward to the crest, two platoons of B Coy. supporting the right. The crest was carried with slight loss, many Germans being bayoneted before they could get away. Some 60 or 70 wounded and unwounded prisoners were sent back. The consolidation of the line was at once begun. Capt. COOPERS, Lt. WILLIS, Lt. HUTCHISON, Lt. SLOANE, Lt. HOBDAY, Lt. GRASSETT, Capt. MARANI, Lt. WEDD were all wounded in this stage of the fight. Major MASON, in charge of the forward lines, was hit in the head, and later in the foot, but carried on until noon when he had to come out. The 1st Canadian Battalion, in support, sent a company forward to 1st German line, and later sent two companies, and then the remaining companies forward to our regained front line to help consolidate and hold the position. Two of our Lewis guns became choked with mud, and Lt. CRAWFORD turned three captured German guns on the enemy.

From this time – 2.30 am – on, German artillery fire on our new positions, especially on MOUNT SORRELL and on X TRENCH, was heavy, and continuous throughout the day. The woods and trenches were searched with shrapnel and H.E. and many casualties were caused. The band under Sgt. YOUNG, displayed great devotion in carrying wounded to the rear. Lt. KIPPEN, Intelligence Officer, and his scouts, before and during the attack, gained at great risk much valuable information and got it to Battalion H.Q. The signalers’ efforts to keep communication with MOUNT SORRELL were excellent, but the heavy shelling cut lines as fast as they were laid. A party under Sigr BLACKHALL, which went forward with the attack, got communication for enough time to give Battalion H.Q. in X TRENCH, information as to our new positions, but the lines were soon cut. The lines to Brigade were also cut and pigeons proved most valuable. After Major MASON was forced to leave, Lt. Col. CREIGHTON of the 1st Canadian Battalion took over immediate command on MOUNT SORRELL. Lt. SIMMIE was wounded while endeavouring to get supplies of grenades forward.

Lieutenant H. M. Grasett

During the afternoon the enemy’s artillery fire increased. Lt. GRASETT who though wounded had carried on, was killed, Lt. GORDON, badly wounded, started for the rear but up to the 16th inst has not been heard of. Lt. WESTON was killed. Capt. MACNAMARA was carried out, bleeding to death. He died on the 14th. A direct hit on the H.Q. dugout on MOUNT SORRELL killed Capt. VANDERSMISSEN, and fatally wounded Lt. Col. CREIGHTON, who died on 16th June. A hit at the door of Battalion H.Q. in X TRENCH wounded 2 O.R. inside and slightly wounded Lt. Col. ALLAN, who carried on.

11 PM, relieved by 8th Canadian Battalion, and moved to F Camp. Total casualties:- 3 officers killed, 1 officer died of wounds, 1 officer missing, 11 officers wounded. 40 O.R. Killed, 92 O.R. Missing, 207 O.R. wounded.

June 14, 1916
Entry: Left F Camp in busses about 10 pm for CONNAUGHT LINES. Weather dull, cold.

June 15, 1916
Entry: At CONNAUGHT LINES. Visited by Major General CURRIE nad Brigadier General HUGHES, informally. Weather cloudy, cold.

June 16, 1916
Entry: Kit inspection. Capt. MACDONALD to Hospital. Moved to PATRICIAL LINES. Rev Major (Canon) SCOTT to dinner. Weather fair, warmer.

June 17, 1916
Entry: In lines. Weather fair, cool.

Sunday, June 18, 1916
Entry: Church parade. Rev. Capt. WARNER took serice. Visited by Lt. General Sir Julian BYNG, G.O.C. Canadian Corps, Major General Currie, G.O.C. 1st Canadian Division, Major General LIPSETT, G.O.C. 3rd Canadian Division, Brigadier General HUGHES  G.O.C. 1st Canadian Brigade. Weather fine, cool.

June 19, 1916
Entry: Draft of 125 O.R. reported. Weather fair, cool.

June 20, 1916
Place: ditto
Entry: In lines. Draft inoculated. Capt. ROGERS and Capt. ALLEY given acting rank as Major. Lt. COOPER acting rank as Captain, pending confirmation. Weather rainy.

June 21, 1916
Place: ditto
Entry: Draft of 224 O.R. arrived. Mess Dinner. Weather fair, very warm.

June 22, 1916
Place: ditto
Entry: Draft inoculated. Weather fair.

June 23, 1916
Place: ditto
Entry: Company work. Read Army Act. Weather-heavy-thunderstorm.

June 24, 1916
Place: ditto
Entry: Major General MERCER buried at No. 10 Casualty Clearing Station cemetery at 3 PM. All available officers attended. Moved at 7 pm to relieve 10th Battalion in 2nd G.H.Q. line. Relief complete 12.15 am 25th.
H.Q. and 2 platoons B Coy at SWAN CHATEAU. A Coy and M.G.S. at MOATED CHATEAU SEGARD. Grenadiers, Scouts at CHATEAU SEGARD. 2 platoons B Coy to right of MOATED FARM. Weather – fine, warm.

Orginal grave of Major General Malcolm Smith

June 25, 1916
Place: 2nd G.H.Q. Line
Entry: Working parties of 410. Weather fine.

June 26, 1916
Place: ditto
Entry: Vicinity of CHATEAU SEGARD and MOATED FARM heavily shelled about 8.00 pm. B Coy had 5 killed, 12 wounded, 3 shell shocked. A Coy 1 O.R. wounded. Grenadiers 1 O.R. shell shocked.
Working parties of 390. Weather unsettled. Heavy rain at night.

June 27, 1916
Place: na G.H.Q. LINE
Entry: 1 O.R. went on leave. Working parties of 410. 2 O.R. wounded on working parties. Weather – unsettled. Rain.

June 28, 1916
Place: ditto
Entry: Leave cancelled. Working parties of 430. Weather – fine

June 29, 1916
Place: ditto
Entry: Working parties of 210. 6 O.R. wounded on working parties. Weather fine.

June 30, 1916
Place: ditto
Entry: Relieved by 16th Battalion and moved to VICTORIA CAMP, M.3.c.

War Diary – June 1916 – Appendix A.


All Coys + Units
The password is SORRELL and will be communicated to all ranks.
The bombardment will commence at 12.45 a.m. instead of 12.15 am.
Red rockets will be sent up from final objective only, and only in case enemy is seen massing for attack in force.
1st Bn. will detail 2 scouts per coy to guide companies through our old front line system
Lt. KIPPEN will detail 2 scouts per Coy. to guide Coy’s in early stages of attack. Lt. KIPPEN will report to Bn. H.Q. in assembly trench.
This message to be destroyed
Acknowledge by wire
[UNREADABLE] Capt. + Adjt Violet

July 1, 1916
Location: Victoria Camp
Entry: Dominion Day. Holiday. Weather fine.

July 2, 1916
Location: Victoria Camp
Entry: Capts. Moss, Currie, Livingstone, Oldham and Lts. Brooke, Brooke, Hargraft, Picard, Rogers, McFarren, McPherson, Sneath, Jones, Gray, Hanna, and McCormick reported for duty from SHORNECLIFFE. Weather fine.

July 3, 1916
Location: Victoria Camp
Entry: Lt. Sneath attached to 1st Canadian T.M. Battery. Lts. Chatterton and Hargraft to Grenade course. Lt. Jones to Lewis Course, Lt. McPherson to bayonet course, Lt. Picard to 2nd Army School. Inspected by Brig. Gen. Hughes. Played 1st Canadian Bn Ontario Regt. at baseball, winning 5-4. Weather fine.

July 4, 1916
Location: Victoria Camp
Entry: March to Gas School, G22.a.2.5., to have helmets tested. Heavy rain in afternoon.

July 5, 1916
Location: Victoria Camp
Entry: Capt. E.W.Wright reported for duty from SHORNECLIFFE. Company drill. Kit inspections. Weather fine.

July 6, 1916
Location: Victoria Camp
Entry: Paraded at 5 PM to march to trenches. Marched via RENINGHELST and OUDERDOM to DICKEBUSCH HUTS, thence by platoons. A Coy took over trenches 39-40-41, D Coy 42-43-44, C Coy in immediate support, B Coy in LARCH WOOD. 4th Canadian Bn on our left, 2nd Canadian Divn on our right. Weather fine.

July 7, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Quiet day. 2 O.R. slightly wounded on patrol, 1 O.R. in trench 40. Weather showery.

July 8, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: 2 O.R. wounded by shrapnel in trench 41. After a heavy bombardment 4th Canadian Bn attempted a small attack to recover trench over the crest of MT. SORREL, but were held up by wire. The retaliation from the enemy was largely over our sector on HILL 60, and was heavy. Casualties, considering weight of shelling, not heavy – 4 killed and 14 wounded. Lts. Chatterton, Jones, Hargraft and McPherson returned from courses. Weather fine.

July 9, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Germans bombarded Observatory Ridge heavily for three hours – 6-9 pm, – with minenwerfers and HE. No action followed. Our guns and heavy howitzers retaliated heavily, apparently with good effect, on HILL 60, the SNOUT and the trenches in front of MT. SORREL. Lts W.B. Woods and G.G. MacDonald reported from SHORNECLIFFE. Lts. Gray and Hanna to Grenade Course. 3 O.R. wounded during the day. Buried the 4 O.R. killed yesterday, at RAILWAY DUGOUTS CEMETARY. Weather fine.

July 10, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Cpl. Bicknells, Ptes. Merson and Cuss, killed by a shell at the DUMP. Buried at RAILWAY DUGOUTS CEMETARY. Lt. McFarren to T.M. course. Relieved by 15th Canadian Bn. Weather fine.

July 11, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Relief complete 1:35 am. Marched by platoons to DEVONSHIRE LINES, G22. b.5.7. Weather fine.

July 12, 1916
Location: Devonshire Lines
Entry: Capt. J.M. Dymond reported back from hospital. Kit inspection. Baths. Lecture on sanitation by A.D.M.S. Weather fair.

July 13, 1916
Location: Devonshire Lines
Entry: Company training. Weather fair.

July 14, 1916
Location: Devonshire Lines
Entry: Company training, grenade work, route march. Capt. Cooper to Gas School. Weather fair.

July 15, 1916
Location: Devonshire Lines
Entry: Lt. Crawford returned from hospital. Lt. McCormick left for Sniping School. Lts. Gray, McFarren, and Hanna returned from Grenade and T.M. courses. Pte. Bickers’ sentence of 5 years P.S. remitted for gallantry. Lecture by Col. Kearsley, G.S.O.I. 1st Canadian Divn. New officers dined old officers. Weather fair.

July 16, 1916
Location: Devonshire Lines
Entry: Church parade. Rev. Capt. Warner took the service. Weather fine. Lt. Rogers to T.M.School, Capt. Oldham and Lt. Brooke to Grenade School. Lt. McPherson to Can. Corps Officers’ School.

July 17, 1916
Location: Devonshire Lines
Entry: Company training. Route march. Lecture by D.A.Q.M.G. at SCOTTISH LINES. Weather fine.

July 18, 1916
Location: Devonshire Lines
Entry: Company training. Lecture by Major Parsons, G.S.O.II Intelligence, 2nd Canadian Divn. Played 4th Canadian Bn at baseball. Game called at end of 12 innings, score 11-11. Weather fine.

July 19, 1916
Location: Devonshire Lines
Entry: CO’s inspection. Gen Currie visited regiment informally. Lt. Jones to Bayonet Course. Marched via HOOGGRAAF to CONNAUGHT LINES. Weather fine.

July 20, 1916
Location: Connaught Lines
Entry: Company training. Kit inspection. Visited by Maj. Gen. Currie, Brig. Gen. Hughes and Sir Geo. Foster and members of Canadian Parliamentary Committee. Weather fine.

July 21, 1916
Location: Connaught Lines
Entry: Overhauling kit. Marched to POPERINGHE Station and entrained. Detrained near ASYLUM and moved to relieve 28th Canadian Bn., A Coy to TUNNELS, B Coy to TUNNELS, and [SP7,] C&D Coys to WHITE CHATEAU, HQ and details to BEDFORD HOUSE. Relief complete by midnight. Weather fine.

July 22, 1916
Location: Support
Entry: Working parties of 330. Lt. Woods to Lewis Course, Capt. Livingstone and Lt. McFarren to Grenade Course. Capt. Oldham and Lt. Rogers from Grenade Course, Lt. Jones from Bayonet Course. C Company moved from WHITE CHATEAU to BEDFORD HOUSE. Weather fine.

July 23, 1916
Location: Support
Entry: Visited by Brig Gen. Rennie and N.W. Rowell K.C. Awards for MT. SORREL action, 13th June – Major D.H.C. Mason, D.S.O. Capts. H.S. Cooper, H.A. Chisolm, and C.E. Cooper, Military Cross. C.S.M. Harvey, D.C.M. and granted his commission. 10 Military Medals awarded. Working parties of 210. Weather fine.

July 24, 1916
Location: Support
Entry: 1 O.R. wounded. Capt. [a 7] Major Rogers promoted Major from 24-6-16. Working parties of 360. Weather sultry.

July 25, 1916
Location: Support
Entry: 2 O.R. wounded in B Coy. Moved to relieve 8th Canadian Bn in Centre Sector (Trenches 33-38). During relief enemy sprang mine near the BLUFF, causing a few casualties in right battalion and little material damage. This held up relief considerably. Companies from right to left, A B C D. Relief complete at 1.50 am. 26th.

July 26, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Pte. Salt, C Coy, killed. Buried at RAILWAY DUGOUTS CEMETARY at night. Lt Jones and 11 O.R. went to Engineers as special wiring party. 2 O.R. sent to 3rd Tunnelling Coy for special work. Quiet day. Weather fine.

July 27, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Some minenwerfer bombs burst in 37-38. 4 O.R. slightly wounded. Field guns and 60 lb. TMs retaliated effectively. Weather fine.

July 28, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: 4 O.R. wounded by rifle-grenades. Lt. Cmdr. Villiers, R.N., visited us. Quiet day. Weather fine.

July 29, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Pte. Holmes killed by rifle-grenade. Some enemy minenwerfer and artillery activity, effectively quieted by guns, stokes [&] 60 lb TMs. Pte. Holmes buried. Capt. Livingstone, Lt. Woods, and Lt. McFarren from Div School. Weather fine.

July 30, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Lt. Picard returned from 2nd Army School. 4 O.R. wounded by shell. Lts. McCormick and F.C. Brook to Div. Grenade School. Quiet day. Weather fine.

July 31, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: British plane brought down a German behind enemy lines opposite of our trenches.

August 1, 1916
Location: Domminion LInes
Entry: Relieved by 14th Canadian Batt’n. Late relief. Marched to DOMINION LINES. Sgt. Newton granted temporary commission, and appointed Scout Officer. Kit inspections in the afternoon. Lt. Kippen appointed adjutant. Weather fine and very warm.

August 2, 1916
Location: Domminion LInes
Entry: Promulgation Pte Bold’s sentence. Muster parade. Col. Maj. Rogers and 4 Coy Cmdrs rode to BEVTHEN to TM demonstration. Battalion route march in afternoon. Lt. A.A. Harvey reported for duty and posted to “D” Coy. Weather fine and very hot.

August 3, 1916
Location: Domminion LInes
Entry: Baths and pay. Weather – very warm.

August 4, 1916
Location: Domminion LInes
Entry: Execution of Pte. Lalibertie carried out at 4:52 am. Battalion present. Lt. Rogers and 4 O.R. attached to T.M. Battery. Weather fine and very warm.

August 5, 1916
Location: Domminion LInes
Entry: Corp bayonet instruction in the morning. Route march in afternoon. Draft of 8 officers reported for duty. [Majors] McKenzie (“D” Coy), Haddon (“A” Coy), Wilson (“C” Coy), Capt Ambery (“B” Coy) and Lts. Pike (“B” Coy), Smith (“B” Coy), Morton (“A” Coy), Shepherd (“B” Coy). Lts Harvey, Harvey and Newton to [ST. OMER} for kit. Weather – fine and breezy.

August 6, 1916
Location: Domminion LInes
Entry: Maj. Haddon, Capts. Moss, Wright and Ambery to Grenade Course at D.T.M. & G. School. Lt. Gray to Lewis [??] Course at D.T.M. and G. School. Lt. Brooke, K.L. to Trench Mortar Course at D.T.M. and G. School. 11am. Church parade service taken by Capt. Shearer. 3pm. Officers beat 2nd Battalion officers at baseball. Score 14-10. Weather – fine and breezy.

August 7, 1916
Location: Domminion LInes
Entry: Toronto Civic Holiday. Preliminary Battalion Sports 10am-4pm. Lt. Shepherd to Gas School. Lt. Picard to 2nd Army Grenade School. Lt. McLean returned from hospital. 7:45pm. Battalion moved to CONNAUGHT LINES arriving there at 9:45pm. Very dusty march. Weather – fine and warm.

August 8, 1916
Location: Domminion LInes
Etnry: Major Haddon, Capts. Moss, Wright and Amberry and Lts. Gray and Brookes, K.C. reported back from Div. Gren. And T.M. School. Kit inspection in the morning. 38 men reported back to the Battalion from details. Weather – fine and warm.

August 9, 1916
Location: Domminion LInes
entry: Morning spent in cleaning billets and camp. 2:45pm. Battalion left CONNAUGHT LINES. 2:50pm: Passed starting point. Brigade march this battalion, second in column. 3:10pm. Inspected by Gen. Currie en route. 6:20pm. Arrived in billets at area 1 mile south of STEENVOORDE. Distance – 8 miles. Billets good but companies scattered. Weather – cool and fine.

August 10, 1916
Location: Domminion LInes
Entry: 8:30am. Battalion left STEENVOORDE Area. 9:00am. Passed starting point inspected by Gen. Hughes. This Battalion last in column on account of good marching yesterday. Brigade rested ½ mile south of [ORELAERE] from 12 noon till 3:30pm, the mean having lunch from [cookers], and getting rested. 7:10pm. Arrived in billets at LEDERZEELA, a very hard march, but luckily cool. Route of march: STEENVOORDE – CASSEL- ORELAERE-BARINCHOUE – ZOBTPEENE-NOORDPEENE – LE MENEGOT – BALEMBERG – LEDERZEELE. Distance 14 miles.

Location: En route.
Entry: Billets are good and fairly central. Draft of 40 O.R> from entrenching battalion. Weather – warm.

August 11, 1916
Location: En route.
Entry: 8:30am. Left billets. 9am. Passed starting point inspected by Gen. Hughes. Battalion second in the Brigade march. Brigade halted from 12:10pm till 5 pm in a field south of GANSPETTE. Marched from 5pm-6:50pm arriving in billets at RECQUES at 6:50pm. The morning march was exceedingly hard on account of the heat and that the march was done through a vallety. Route – LEDERZEELE- CROM STRAETE – WATTEN-BLEVE MAISON – GANSPETTE – EST MONT – BAYENGHEM – QUEMBERGUE- RECQUES. Distance 12 miles. Everyone very comfortable especially Battn [??] which is in [a count’s] Chateau. Weather – very warm.

August 12, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: Rested in billets till 5 pm. Everyone very comfortable but unfortunately the 3rd and 4th Battalions have to move billets further south. Battalion moved away at 6 pm following the following route. RECQUES – LA RECOUSSE – [ZOUATAVES] – TOURNEHEM. Everyone very comfortably settled again. Companies all within 500 yds of each other. Battalion mess. No other troops in touwn except 3rd Battalion. Inhabitants exceptionally obliging. Weather – very warm.

August 13, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: Kit inspections in the morning. Voluntary church parade in the evening. Lt. Picard reported back from 2nd Army Grenade School Weather – fine and cool.

August 14, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: Work at training grounds ½ mile E of NORTHEULINGHAM. Maj. Rogers in charge. [Col] sick. Weather – sultry, tendency to rain.

The Mascot (3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion)
The Mascot (3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion) August 1916

August 15, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: Col. Still in bed. Coy drill and [musktry] at training grounds from 8am-3pm. Gen. Currie and Hughes paid an informal visit for about an hour. Baseball game with 4th Battn, losing 13-6. Weather – sultry.

August 16, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry Company and physical drill and musketry from 8am-3pm. Gen. Currie visited Battalion whilst at work. Baseball team again beaten by 4th Battalion score 17-8. Draft of 20 O.R. from Entrenching Battalion. Weather fine.

August 17, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: Company and physical drill from 11am-4pm. 5:30pm. Inspection of Brigade by Maj. Gen. Sir Sam Hughes. The Minister of Militia was very much pleased with the appearance of the Brigade. Lt. Col. Allan on leave to England for 7 days. Weather – drizzly.

August 18, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: Battalion training for B.C.&D. Coys. “A” Coy to rifle butts. Pay in afternoon. [Ners] of town a French boy 19 years of age presented with Medaille Militaire and Croix de Guerre. Lt. Shepherd returned from gas school. Weather –drizzly.

August 19, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: 8am. A, B&D Coys practice formation of attack and consolidation. C Coy to ranges. Lt. Harvey A.A. to Grenade school with 25 O.R. Lt. Shepherd temporarily in charge of signals. Gen Currie paid visit from 6:30-7:30 pm. Weather – drizzly.

August 20, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: 10:30am. Church parade combined for 3rd and 4th Battalions taken by Maj. Wood at baseball field. Muster parade at 11:30 am. 7 officers to St. OMER for afternoon. Weather – drizzly.

August 21, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: 8am. Battalion work at training grounds, consolidation of position. 3pm. Details to rifle butts. Capt. A.R. McDonald reported back from hospital. Capt. Lockary reported for duty as chaplain. Weather – drizzly.

August 22, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: 8am. Battalion training in Company assault. 3pm. D Coy to rifle butts. Lt. Harvey A. A. returned from grenade school with 25 O.R. Lt. Dyas to grenade school with 25 O.R. Played officers of 4th Battalion baseball game winning 14-13. Weather – fine.

August 23, 1916
Location: Tournehelm
Entry: 5:27am. Pte Reynolds executed at Battalion Rifle butts. Lt. Gray in charge of firing party. 9am. Battalion paraded for [promolugation] of Pte Reynolds sentence. Kit inspection till 11:30 am. Lt. Rogers reported back from Trench Mortar Battery, and transferred from “C” to “B” Company. Weather – drizzly.

August 24, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: Practice Brigade operation which is to take place on the 25th. Beat 4th Battalion at football 2-0. Weather- fine.

August 25, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: Battalion left TOURNEHEM at 7:30am working in Brigade Operation till 5:45pm. Gen. Byng, Gen. Currie and Gen. Hughes present. Lt. Col Allan reported back from leave. Weather –f ine.

August 26, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: Kit inspections in morning. Holiday in afternoon. Company sports. 1st Brigade played 3rd Brigade baseball, 3rd Battn. [2 maj] on [Bdgs] team. 1st Brigade lost 2-1. Good game. Weather – fine.

August 27, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: Morning spent in cleaning billets [etc.] Capt. McDonald to AUDRIEUE as entraining officer for Brigade. “A” Coy, M.G. and Transport marched out at 8:45pm. Rest of Battalion at 10pm. Civilians extremely sorry to see battalion go. Weather – fine.

August 28, 1916
Location: Tournehem
Entry: Arrived AUDRIEVE Sta. 1:30am. Battl entrained by 2:30 am, departed from station 3:05am. Route: AUDRIEUE – CALAIS – WIMERAUX – ABBEVILLE – AIXE – LA CHATEAU. Reference Lens Sheet 11. 1:30pm. Detrained at 1:30 pm and marched to billets at DOMLEGER arriving there at 4:10pm. Lt. G. McDonald reported back from Canadian Corps School. Weather – drizzly.

August 29, 1916
Location: En route
Entry: Battalion to be called for at 6am by busses. Busses late whole battalion not en route till 9:30am. Buses followed route – DOMLEGER – BEAUMETZ – BERNAVILLE – FIENVILLER – CANDAS – VALHEUREUX – VERT GALLAND, FM. Buses took battalion to VERT GALLAND, FM. 2 ½ miles S of BEAUVAL, from thence Battn marched to billets at HARPONVILLE. Billets central but very dirty. Weather – fine.

August 30, 1916
Location: En route
Entry: Battalion moved from HARPONVILLE at 8am. Route – HARPONVILLE – VARENNES – BOZINCOURT. Arrived at brickfields at 12 noon. Bivouacked there till 2pm when Battn moved into billets at ALBERT. Billets quite comfortable. Weather – drizzly.

August 31, 1916
Location: Trenches
Etnry: Battalion moved off by platoons at 12 noon to relieve 28th Australian Battn in SAUSAGE VALLEY. Relief complete at 2pm. Battn HQ at X20B7.5 (Albert sheet). Companies dug in all within 100’ of above location. Lt. Col. Allan to hospital.

Friday, September 1, 1916
Entry: All Officers to transport except C.O. – Adjt. M.G.O., G.O., I.O., S.O. and 4 Officers per company. Lieut CLIFTON reported back from 2nd Army School. Day spent by men improving shelters and officers reconnoitering the line. Weather fine.

Saturday, September 2, 1916
Entry: Lient HANNA temporarily with salvage with 50 men. Lieut WOODS temporarily A.L.G.O. Great British serial activity. 250 working party from 5-10 am. Capts DYMOND, CHISHOLM and MOSS promoted Acting Majors. “C” Coy moved up at 5 am and took over 350 yards front line through trench on line X34.b.9.2 to X34.b.3.3. [N.B. “X” circled and side margined changed to “R”] “C” Coy is placed under orders of C.O. 2nd Canadian Battalion. – Weather – fine.

Sunday, September 3, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: 2 Casualties in “C” Company both slight. Our artillery very active all morning. Battalion Hqrs and “A” Company moved up at 2 pm to left of 2nd Battalion. “A” Coy on left, “C” Coy on right. Battalion Hqrs in CENTRE WAY. Battalion position about 500 yards to right of MOUQUET FARM. “A” Company had great difficulty in connecting up with the 49th Australian Battalion. Finally touched up about 10.30 pm.
Lieut HANNA slightly wounded. Lieut DYAS shell shock. 4 O.R. killed and 24 wounded. Weather – fine.

Monday, September 4 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Connection with Brigade cut all day. Very heavy bombardment of left companies front from 5-7 am. Australians attacked by Germans opposite MOUQUET FARM at 3 pm, but repulsed. Band D Coys moved up at 3 pm and relieved 2 companies of 2nd Canadian Battalion in front line. Battalion Hqrs relieved 2nd Bn. Hqrs in POZIERRES VILLAGE at 7 pm and position near Brigade Hqrs at 9 pm. Battalion frontage from R35.d.2.5 to R34.d.8.9. Casualties for day 9 O.R. Killed 65 wounded. Weather – drizzly.

Tuesday, September 5, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Relief of officers from those at transport for “A” and “C” Coys. “D” Company heavily shelled about 6 am. Intermittent artillery fire all day, some difficulty encountered this day by our own artillery shooting short. Battalion front shortened to R.35.c.8.6 to R.34.d.8.9. 4th Canadian Battalion extended their left flank from R.35.d.2.5 to R.35.c.8.6. Casualties for day 2 Killed 25 wounded. Weather – fair.

Wednesday, September 6, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: L/Cpl KILLOUGH and 3 O.R. Killed at UNION ST and 5 am. Morning quite a great deal of enemy artillery on SYDNEY ST about 7 pm. Enemy started very heavy bombardment of 15th Battalion’s trenches to our right at 7 pm. Combles [N.B. commune in the Somme situated on D20 road, approx 48 km N.E. of Amiens] taken by French. 4 Killed 14 O.R. wounded. Weather –fine.

Thursday, September 7, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Enemy bombardment still continuing at 9.30 am. Ceased at 10.30 am. 12 Hun [N.B. reference to German soldiers] planes flew very low over our lines and got away without any casualties. Enemy shelled SYDNEY ST. and CENTRE WAY all day. Casualties for day 2 Killed 7 wounded, 5 shell shock. Weather – fair.

Friday, September 8, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Enemy shelled back country and also “B” Company trenches very heavily all day. Relieved by 1st Canadian Battalion at 7.12 pm. Good relief. Total casualties for day 1 Killed 5 wounded. “A” and “C” companies on working party starting at 11 pm, very important piece of work. Lieut HARVEY, E.D. killed and Sgt NOTTINGHAM wounded. Weather – fine.

Saturday, September 9, 1916
Entry: Working party back at 4 am, did very good work, were under the charge of Capt COOPER. Battalion in Brigade Support in XIIa, men quite comfortable. Heavy artillery fire all day. 2nd Battalion attacked German line in vicinity of X36.c at 4.45 pm. “C” Coy moved up under O.C. 2nd Battalion orders at 6.20 pm. “C” Coy moved up to WALKER AVE and SUNKEN RD at 7 pm. 2nd Battalion attack reported successful.
Weather – fine.

Sunday, September 10, 1916
Entry: Attack successful “A” Company returned at 12 noon, about 20 casualties. Did very good work in consolidating positions gained by 2nd Battalion. Battalion relieved at 6.30 pm by 2 companies of 21st Canadian Battalion and 2 companies of 31st Canadian Battalion. Battalion then marched to bivouacks in ALBERT at the Brickfield. – Weather – fine.

Monday, September 11, 1916
Location: ALBERT
Entry: Major WILSON left for England. Very joyous day – leave has opened. Battalion paraded at 2.30 pm and marched as a Brigade to billets in WARLOY arriving there at 6.05 pm. Billets good. Weather – fine.

Tuesday, September 12, 1916
Location: EN ROUTE
Entry: Brigade left WARLOY at 7.15 am. 3rd Battalion 2nd in column. Marched via VADENCOURT – TOUTENCOURT – PUCHEVILLERS – LE VAL DE MAISON – FME DU ROSEL where guides met us and conducted us to billets in LA VICOGNE [N.B. commune in the Somme situated on N25 road, approx 19 km N of Amiens]. Billets very poor and very cramped. Lieut HUTCHISON and 26 O.R. reported from 1st Canadian Entrenching Battalion. Weather drizzly.

Wednesday, September 13, 1916
Location: LA VICOGNE
Entry: Battalion rested all day except for pay parade. Kit inspection in afternoon. Weather fine.

Thursday, September 14, 1916
Location: LA VICOGNE
Entry: Battalion paraded in morning cleaning up and organizing of specialists. Draft of 49 o.r. Lieut WOODS and Cpl WARDLAW and Sgt McMANUS to Corps Bombing School as instructors. Route march in afternoon. Moved to tents ¼ S.S.E. of VAL DE MAISON at about 5 pm, very comfortable in camp with 100 tents and 2 marquees. Weather – fine.

Friday, September 15, 1916
Location: EN ROUTE
Entry: Moved at 7.15 am to VADENCOURT via HERISSART-CONTAY arriving at VADENCOURT at 11.30 am. Battalion very comfortable in huts. Arranged for baths for A, B. and C. Weather fine.

Saturday, September 16, 1916
Location: EN ROUTE
Entry: Moved off at 5.30 am marching via WARLOY and SENLIS to the BRICKFIELDS at ALBERT. Bivouacked, but ammunition boxes of D.A.C. helped greatly. Weather fine.

Sunday, September 17. 1916
Location: EN ROUTE
Entry: Men passed very cold night. Church service at 10.30 am by Capt WARNER. Battalion moved off by units to trenches in front of COURCELETTE at 5 pm, relieved 25th Battalion, relief complete at 11 pm. Battalion frontage about 700 yds, trenches very poor where there are any. Disposition – “A” Support SUGAR TRENCH – “B” Front line left, “C” Support COURCELETTE – “D” Front line right. Battlion Hqrs in front line on left. Weather – rain and cool.

Monday, September 18, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Night passed uneventfully, our own artillery causing us a few casualties by shooting short. No communication with Brigade. Enemy shelled COURCELETTE heavily all day. Capt WRIGHT wounded at 7 am by sniper, bullet wound in hand and thigh. Lieut HUTCHISON bullet wound in arm but still on duty. Weather – rain.

Tuesday, September 19, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Our own artillery firing very short causing us more casualties. C.S.M. KNIGHT wounded. About 50 casualties to date 30 of which have been from our own shell fire. We pushed saps out 50 to 100 in front of our front line. 4th Battalion on right attacked and temporarily lost portion of trench on our right at 8 pm. Lieut HUTCHISON handled his company very skillfully and greatly assisted in turning the Hun out at 11.30pm, but unfortunately was again wounded and was this time forced to go to the hospital. Rations brought up to SUGER REFINERY by Lieut COOMBS, losing 4 horses. Weather – fine.

Wednesday, September 20, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Our own artillery still shooting short and still no communication with Brigade. Major ALLEY wounded in arm by shrapnel and Capt AMBERY Killed outside Battalion Hqrs. Continued shelling of Battalion Hqrs and COURCELETTE. Relieved by 2nd Canadian Battalion at 10.50 pm, a very good relief. Battalion proceeded back to Brigade Support XII.a.1.2 ½. Men practically all in. Weather fair.

Thursday, September 21, 1916
Entry: Total casualties 89 O.R. and 4 Officers. Capt AMBERY buried at Brigade Hqrs at 9 am by Capt WARNER. Men slept all day. Working parties of 300 from 7 pm – 3 am. Weather – fine.

Friday, September 22, 1916
Entry: Working party in morning of 50 O.R. Maj CHISHOLM returned from leave. 1st Battalion attacked PRACTICE TRENTHES on their front at 7 pm and were very successful, took about 25 prisoners, had about 250 casualties. Capt BERTRAM – Staff Captain Killed outside Brigade Hqrs. Lieut NEWTON wounded but still on duty. Weather – fine.

Saturday, September 23, 1916
Entry: Lieut ANGLIN reported for duty, posted to “B” Company. Company Commanders at present “A” Major DYMOND, “B” Capt McDONALD, “C” Major MOSS, “D” Major CHISHOLM. Battalion moved to trenches to relief of 1st Canadian Battalion E of COURCELETTE, by units at 7 pm. Relief complete at 1.10 am. Weather – fair.

Sunday, September 24, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Relieved by 28th Canadian Battalion at about midnight. Very hard 24 hours with continued shelling on front line and supports as far back as SUGAR REFINERY. Disposition was “A” and “C” font line, Band D supports. 3 local counter attacks were beaten off very skillfully by “A” and “C” Companies. Casualties for 24 hours, Capt OLDHAM – Killed – Lieut MORTON – wounded. Lieut GRAY wounded 7 O.R. killed 63 O.R. wounded. Upon relief Battalion moved to ALBERT. Weather – fair.

Monday, September 25, 1916
Location: ALBERT
Entry: Capt COOPER H.S. second in command. Lieut REID – “B” Company. Lieut SIMMIE “C” Coy, Lieut DELL “C” Coy, reported for duty and were posted as above. Brigade marched to WARLOY at 2.30 pm via SENLIS. Billets good. Weather – fine.

Tuesday, September 26, 1916
Location: EN ROUTE
Entry: 13 O.R. top bombinb course with Lieut McPHERSON. Brigade marched to LA VICOGNE at 9.25 am via CONTAY – HERISSART – RUBEMPRE – TALMAS, billets not very good. Lieut CRAWFORD transferred to “A” Coy. Lieut CHATTERTON to “B” Coy, Lieut PICARD – M.G.O. – Lieut SIMMIE G.O. Weather – fine.

Wednesday, September 27, 1916
Location: EN ROUTE
Entry: Brigade marched at 8.10 am to PERNOIS via NAOURS – HAYERNAS – HALLOY. Billets good. Regimental mess. Weather – fair.

Thursday, September 28, 1916
Location: PERNOIS
Entry: Lieut HARVEY reported for duty. Companies baths and pay also sewing on of distinctive badges. Weather – fine.

Friday, September 29, 1916
Location: PERNOIS
Entry: Rain in morning, no parade. General CURRIE inspected Battalion in afternoon, he said he was very pleased with work of Battalion since they came to the SOMME. Weather – drizzly.

Saturday, September 30, 1916
Location: PERNOIS
Entry: Baths at ST. OUEN all day. Lieut CRAWFORD on leave for 9 days. Weather – fine.

October 1, 1916
Location: Pernois
Church parade in morning at 10 a.m. Brigade parade, service taken by Canon Almond, Senior Chaplain, Canadian Corps, a very good sermon, very much to the point. Men rested in the afternoon. Weather – fine

October 2, 1916
Location: Pernois
Major Rogers and 2 O.R. on leave till (sic) October 12th. Captain [unreadable] Cooper in command of Battalion. Muster parade in morning. Received orders at 12.15 p.m. to be clear of Pernois by 2 p.m. Brigade march, Battalion marching first. Arrived at billets in La Vicogne about tea-time. Billets poor on account of French inhabitants (sic) refusal to allow men in barns. Weather – rain.

October 3, 1916
Location: [none]
Battalion moved off at 10.30 a.m., battalion marching 3rd in brigade march. Arrived at huts in Vadencourt about 2.30 p.m. Lt. GE Reid acting as assistant Adjutant. Weather has been very poor for the last three days, raining practically all the time. Lt. [GH or GN] Dell and 12 O.R. to Canadian Corps bombing (sic) School for 7 days (sic) course.

October 4, 1916
Location: [none]
Battalion moved off at 8.20 a.m., Battalion marching 2nd in brigade march. Arrived in Albert about 1 p.m. Billets very poor, only enough accommodation in our Area for Battalion Headquarters and Details, but [Companies?] managed to squeeze their men in under cover in preference to Breckfields. Weather – rain.

October 5, 1916
Location: Albert
Lt. GE Reid acting as adjutant on account of Lt. WH Kipper being sick. Lt. GB McPerson and party returned from Canadian Corps Bombing School. 98 O.R. reinforcements reported (95th Bn.). Company Commanders, Intelligence Officer, Machine Gun Officer and 1 O.R. rode up to Report Centre to look over new line. 1st, 2nd and 4th Battalions moved up, 3rd Battalion in Divisional Reserve in Albert.
Major Yates, 2nd Battalion temporarily in command of Battalion. Weather – rain.

October 6, 1916
Location: Albert
Preparation for forthcoming operation, writing of operation orders etc. Lt JH McLean returned from hospital. Operation Orders called for move up line but cancelled about noon. Working parties of 300 for day and night of 6th. Weather – fine.

October 7, 1916
Location: [none]
Battalion moved to trenches at 2 p.m., they were to collect bombs and sandbags at Brigade Headquarters. Officers who accompanies (sic) Battalion were:
A Company: Major Diamond, JM; Lieut. Jones, CW; Lieut. Smith, MT; Major Haddon, AW B Company: Lieut. Anglin, JT; Lieut. Rogers, DF; Lieut. Pike, CW; Lieut. McPherson, GB C Company: Major Moss, CA; Capt. Livingstone, S; Lieut. McLean, JH; Lieut. Harvey, AA D Company: Major Chisholm, HA; Lieut. Brooke, FC; Lieut. Chatterton, WA; Lieut. Hobday, SG Commanding Officer: Major Yates Second in Command: Capt. Cooper HS Acting Adjutant: Lieut. Reid GE Machine Gun Officer: Lieut. Picard RE [or PE?] Grenade Officer: Lieut. Simmie GH Intelligence Officer: Lieut. McCormick AB Signalling (sic) Officer: Lieut. Clifton HK Medical Officer: Capt. McCullough WL

In accordance with Operation Order #94, 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Battalion “Toronto Regiment” moved from billets in Albert on the afternoon of October 7th to Death Valley. At this point their equipment was completed, as per O.O. 22 3rd Canadian Battalion.

The Battalion left Death Valley at 7.40 p.m. on October 7th and took up their battle positions as per O.O. 22. Two companies of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion were in support of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion. Battalion Headquarters at M. 19. C. 9. 9.  Battalion advanced Headquarters at M. 20. a 9. 8 ½. Telephone communication was established between Battalion Hqrs. through to M. 20. a 5 ½. 4. to Battalion Advanced Hqrs, to M. 14. d 4. 2.

Relief of 1st Canadian Battalion was completed at 11.30 p.m. October 7th.

October 8, 1916
Location: Le Cais
The night was quiet except for slight shelling. Lieut M.T. Smith was severely wounded and one man killed.

At zero time all was ready for the assault to be launched. 14 officers and 481 O.R. made up the attacking party which went forward in 4 waves of 2 platoons per company. A. and D. Companies formed the 1st 2 waves. B. and C. Companies the 2nd 2 waves. Ten minutes after zero time the 1st objective was taken after some resistance and the second objective was in our hands a few minutes after this, and the work of consolidation was at once got on with. D. Company on the left of 1st Objective soon linked up with the 16th Battalion. A. Company on right of same objective linked up with the 4th Battalion. C. Coy on right of 2nd Objective were (sic) also in touch with 4th Battalion by this time. At 6 a.m., an hour after zero time, the disposition of the 3rd Battalion was as follows. 3 platoons of D. Coy. occupying trench from M. 14. a. 9. 4. to right, linking up with 2 platoons of “A” Coy. who linked up with 4th Battalion at M. 14. b. 6. 8. 1 platoon of “A” Coy. occupying M. 14. b. 6. 8 to M. 14. b. 4 ½. 8 ½.  B. Coy. and 1 platoon of D Coy. occupied trench M. 14. b. 2. 5. to M. 14. b. 5. 9. “C” Coy. with 1 platoon of “A” Coy. held trench M. 8. d. 3. 1. to M. 14. b. 5. 9. The 4th Canadian Battalion being held up with heavy wire on the right, crowded into the trenches held by our men on the right of our position, causing congestion M. 14. b. 6. 8.

Meanwhile bombs were brought forward to A trench by the supporting company of the 2nd Battalion and deposited in “A” trench ready to be brought forward when needed. Owing to pressure being brought on the 16th Battalion on our left and the 4th Battalion on our right, we were obliged to pass bombs to both of these Battalions.

The first two hours after taking our objectives was (sic) fairly quiet. The enemy then started heavy shelling and bombing attacks. By 11 a.m. all the officers of “B” and “C” Companies had been killed or wounded and most of “A” and “D” Coy. officers were casualties. The Germans were seen massing large bodies of troops in the valley in front of our new position, and started to heavily bomb our block at M.
8. d. 3. 1. By this time 12 noon, our supply of bombs and S.A.A. were running short.

The men made an heroic stand in their second objective but were forced to fall back to their 1st objective about 1.30 p.m. By this time only Major Haddon AW and Lt. Chatterton WA were left of the 14 officers who went into the assault. These officers did wonderful work in the reorganization of their men in this trench, but the enemy far outnumbered our men, and being fresh troops and well supplied with bombs and S.A.A. were able to press on. About 2 p.m. LCpl Durbin of the Stretcher Bearer Section who up to this time had been bravely dressing wounded in the open, volunteered to carry the S.O.S. back to Battalion Headquarters. He carried the message through heavy fire and delivered it at about 2.45 p.m. and fell exhausted. Meanwhile a stubborn stand was being made in the trenches, our supply of bombs being exhausted some of the men on the right were forced out of their trench and fell back into shell holes with some men of the Battalion on our right. Lt. Chatterton WA rallied these men and started a bayonet charge, but was severely wounded through the shoulder. Some of this party reached their trenches again and Lt. Chatterton WA who in the meantime had had his wound dressed, got up and carried on. It was now getting on to 3 p.m. and things were getting rather desperate.
Our bombs and S.A.A. were completely exhausted, all the Lewis guns but one had been destroyed, and this one was without ammunition. A retirement was inevitable. The men were fight with their fists. Lt. Chatterton was killed by a sniper while trying to hold the enemy back on the right. Cpl. W Walsh of “A” Coy, realizing they were being forced back, managed to collect a few bombs from wounded and killed and tried to make a stand to cover our retirement, but was killed a few minutes later, and the remnants of the Battalion were forced back to their jumping off (sic) trench.

Here the Battalion rapidly reorganized under Major Haddon AW and were prepared to make a further stand, but the enemy seemed to have had enough fighting for the present and did not come on. Of the 14 officers and 481 O.R. who went into the assault only 1 officer and about 85 O.R. were left.

October 9, 1916
Location: [none]
All was quiet until relief was completed by the 8th Canadian Battalion about 10.30 p.m. on the night of 9th – 10th October and the Battalion marched back to Albert.

October 10, 1916
Location: Albert
Moved at 2.30 p.m. to Bouzincourt. Draft of 199 O.R. and 4 officers reported. Lt. E.D. Baldwin, Lt. C.W. McQueen, Lt. J. Vanderslueys, Lt. R. Bailey. Billets very fair. Weather – fine.

October 11, 1916
Location: Bouzincourt
Lt. H. Coombs and 1 O.R. on leave. Lt. D.F. Rogers and 35 O.R. to Canadian Corps Bombing School Lt. G.H. Dell and 12 O.R. returned from Canadian Corps Bombing School. Court of Enquiry re retirement of 8th sitting all day. President General Tuxford. Draft medically examined (10 misfits) and allotted to companies. 7 O.R. awarded Military Medal in Corps Orders received this date.
Cpl. J. McKelvie Battalion runner
Pte. L.D. Lyon Battalion runner
Cpl. Kirkaldy R. “A” Coy.
Pte. O’Freddi F. “A” Coy.
LCpl. Whitcombe P. “C” Coy.

1st Battalion returned from trenches about 7 p.m. Weather – fine.

October 12, 1916
Location: [none]
Lt. J Vanderslueys took over command of Battalion grenade section.
Kit inspection in the morning, muster parade in the afternoon. Major Yates returned to his Battalion, taking command of it as Lt. Col. Swift proceeded to England to take command of a Training Brigade. Weather – fine.

October 13, 1916
Location: [none]
Battalion paraded at 7.30 a.m., moving from Brigade starting point at 8 a.m. marching 2nd in Brigade column. Arrived in billets at Warloy[?] at 10 a.m., billets  very good and comfortable. 5 men to Brigade Salvage.

October 14, 1916
Location: [none]
Battalion paraded at 8.20 a.m., moving from Brigade starting point at 9.10 a.m. to Herissart via Contay. Battalion marching first in Brigade column. Arrived in billets about 11.30 a.m. Billets very good. General Currie present with Battalion from 8 a.m. until 1 p.m. investigating attack of 8th inst. Lt. Picard RE and 3 O.R. to Lewis gun course Le Touquet. Lt. A.G. Millar reported for duty this date. Major J B Rogers returned from leave. Reorganization of Battalion bombers and Lewis gunners. Weather – fine.

October 15, 1916
Location: [none]
Church parade 11 a.m., service taken by Major Wood. Companies worked again in afternoon on bombers and Lewis gunners.

October 16, 1916
Location: [none]
Moved from Herissart at 9.30 a.m. to Val de Maison where Battalion had lunch, forming Brigade at 12 noon, marching 3rd in Brigade column. Arrived in Bonneville about 5 p.m. Billets very good and compact. Weather – fine.

October 17, 1916
Location: [none]
Battalion parade in morning. O.C. spoke to men and thanked them for their work since coming to the Somme. O.C. inspected Battalion in the morning. All indents submitted to complete deficiences (sic). Lt. DF Rogers, R Bailey, and ED Baldwin reported back from Corps Bombing School. Lt. JK Crawford reported back from leave. R.Q.M.S. JI Matthews granted temporary commission as Hon. Capt. and Q.M. draft of 50 O.R. Weather fine.

October 18, 1916
Location: [none]
Rain in morning, completion of indents and sewing on of distinctive badges. Capt. AH Lockary attached to 4th Battalion. Capt. Warner attached to 3rd Battalion as Chaplain. Company parade in afternoon, organization of bombers and Lewis gunners completed. A.D.M.S. inspected misfits. Weather – rainy.

October 19, 1916
Location: [none]
Rain in morning, Companies and Units paraded for Bathing.

October 20, 1916
Location: [none]
Battalion moved to Heuzeville, billets fair. Weather – fine. – cold.

October 21, 1916
Location: [none]
Lt. Kippen on leave. Battalion moved to Barly, billets good. Weather fine – cold.

October 22, 1916
Location: [none]
Battalion continued its march and moved to Houvin, marching 3rd in Brigade column. Billetting accommodation poor and inhabitants very inhospitable. Weather fine – cool.

October 23, 1916
Location: [none]
Battalion continuing its march moved to Monchy-Breton, billeting accommodation good. Lt. J. Vanderslueys and 4 O.R. to Canadian Corps Bombing School. Lt. W. McQueen and 2 O.R. to Lewis gun course. Billets good. Weather fine.

October 24, 1916
Location: [none]
Battalion moved to Camblain L’Abbe, Divisional Reserve. Billetted in huts, very comfortable. Weather – rain.

October 25, 1916
Location: [none]
Battalion relieved 1st Royal Fusiliers in left sector in front of [unreadable], relief completed by 6.15 p.m. Disposition of Battalion as follows:
A Coy. Left Sub Sector
B Coy. Right Sub Sector
C Coy. In Support
D Coy. Centre Sub Sector

Situation quiet. Weather – rain.

October 26, 1916
Location: Trenches
Lt. H Coombs returned from leave and proceeded to Canadian Corps School. Lt. RE Picard from Lewis Gun School. A little trench mortar activity on our front. 1 O.R. sniped while working behind trench. Weather fair – cool.

October 27, 1916
Location: Trenches
Enemy active with Minenwerfer and trench mortars, about 20 dropped around Battalion front. Retaliated with Stokes and 18 pounders [sic]. 4 shells dropped short on front line. Two Camouflet were successfully blown at 8.30 p.m., slight shock felt, but no crater formed. Enemy tunneling party believed to have been caught. No retaliation by enemy. Weather – rain.

October 28, 1916
Location: Trenches
Lt. F.C. Brooke and 1 O.R. to 1st Army School of Instruction. 2nd Battalion officers up to look over line. Enemy threw some trench mortars including Minenwerfers on Battalion front, about 30 small trench mortars in quarry. Weather – dull.

October 29, 1916
Location: Trenches
Enemy active with trench mortars and Minenwerfers, also several shells thrown  over. Retaliated with Stokes. Battalion relieved by 2nd Battalion. Relief completed at 7 p.m. Disposition as follows.
Bn. Hqrs. at Dalys
A & B Coys in Carency
C. & D. Coys in Bajolle Line
Scouts and Bombers at Hospital Corner

Lt. GH Simmie returned from hospital. Weather – rainy.

October 30, 1916
Location: [none]
Major J B Rogers to Divisional H.Q. to be presented to H.R.H. Duke of Connaught. Working parties of 5 officers and 185. O.R. Weather – rain.

October 31, 1916
Location: [none]
Working parties of 7 officers and 295 O.R. 8 officers reported to Battalion. Capt. W.H.D. Sharpe, Lieut WC Bush, Lieut PH Purdie, Lt. GH Patton, Lt. AR Elton, Lt. GC Patterson, Lt. [unreadable] Cliff, Lt. JA Loughery. Weather – fine.

November 1, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Lt Kippen W.H returned from leave. Lt McQueen C.W. Returned from Lewis Gun Course. R.S.M. Good H.C., C.S.M. Scott E.J. and Cpl Behan F.P. were granted commissions this date. Lt Good and Lt Scott being pasted to “C” coy and Lt Behan to “A’ coy. The weather was fine.

November 2, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: Capt Calhoun C. S. on leave. Relieved by 10th Canadian Bn. Relief completed 10:50am. Moved to Camblain L’Abbe to huts very comfortable. Weather fair.

November 3, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: Lt McQueen C.W. returned from Corps Bombing school. Capt Cooper C.E. and Capt Curry W.E. reported back from hospital. Companies and units carried on with training. Weather fine.

November 4, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: Draft of 104 O.R. from 123rd battalion. Cpl Hood J.S. and Sgt Dawson E.S. appointed as Lieutenants. The first named being pasted to “B” coy and the last to “D” coy. Companies paying and bathing. Weather fine.

November 5, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: Church parade in morning taken by Canon Scott.

November 6, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: Lectures by O’s C coys in morning and afternoon on account of raid. C.S.M. Nolan D. and C.Q.S. McCalhoun C.S. reported for duty. Dinner given by new officers to the old officers. Weather rainy.

November 7, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: Lectures by O C Coys to men on “trench routine”. C.S.M. Nolan D. took over duties as acting R.S.M. Lt Simmie G.W. awarded M.C. and Pte Hartman the D.C.M. Weather – rain.

November 8, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: Capt Sharpe W.H.D. to hospital. Morning parade off on account of rain. Battalion paraded at 12:30 and marched to div’l gas school at Maisnil Bouche to be outfitted with new box resperator. New resperator seems very efficient and reliable. Weather rain.

November 9, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: CO. and unit commanders rode up early and looked over line. Companies and units carried on with preparations for forthcoming tour into the line. Cleaning up camp in afternoon. Capt McCullough W.L. to hospital. Capt Moorehouse V.H.K. temporarily attached as M.O. Weather fine.
Location: Trenches
Entry: Started moving at 7 am to relief of 14th Canadian Bn. in left section of Berthoval sector. Relief complete 1:05am. Disposition in front line. A. Coy left Hartung B Coy left cen. Nv. Mandora “C’ coy rt. cen. cen Mandora.

November 10, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: D Coy right S Mandora. Bn H.Q., Bombers and scouts “Ducks Walk” near International K. Good relief, trenches fair but accommodation poor. Lt Clifton H.K. Lt Behan F.P. Lt Good H.C. Lt Scott E.J. and 3 O.R. on leave. Weather fine.

November 11, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Pte. Cohen self-inflicted wound, very quiet morning and afternoon except for our own T.M. activity. Lt. Simmie G.W. and 2 O.R. wounded by rifle grenade. Weather fine.

November 12, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Lt. J.K. Crawford wounded in fingers in no man’s land. Enemy’s T. M’s active about 9 a.m. but our retaliation seemed effective. Weather fine.

November 13, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: 1 O.R. wounded by shrapnel, enemy’s TM again active in morning but were silenced by T.M.’s and 4.5. Gen. Hughes acting Div. command Lt. – Col. Hodgson Brigade com. inspected Bn. Front. 2 O.R. wounded. Weather fine.

November 14, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Pte. Tuck of Bn. Grenadiers killed. 1 O.R. wounded. Enemy very quiet. Lt. A.G. Millar A.G. killed and 2 O.R. wounded by enemy light trench mortar bomb. Weather fine.

November 15, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Our stokes very active firing about 300 rounds. No enemy retaliation. Lt. Millar A.G. buried at Villiers au Bois military cemetery. Major Rogers J.B. to 4 days course at Canadian Corps school for commanding officers. Lt. McCormack A.B. on leave. Weather fine.

November 16, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Capt. Cooper H.S. and adjutant to Villiers-au-Bois for court-martial. 4 O.R. wounded. Lt. Gen. Byng. inspected trenches. Artillery carried out strafe with seemingly good effect. Lt. Coombs H. returned from Corps school. Capt. Cooper C.E. on leave with 5 O.R. Weather fine.

November 17, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Stokes very active in morning, firing about 400 rounds. 1 O.R. on leave. Weather fine.

November 18, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Snow ½” deep. Relieved by 2nd Can. Bn. and moved to Maistre line at 11:15 a.m. Accommodation poor, especially “D” Coy in Berthoval Wood. Major J.M. Dymond and captain A.R. McDonald to England. Struck off our strength. Weather – rain.

November 19, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Working parties 225 O.R. Lt. McQueen C.W. and Lt. Loughery T.A. and 14 O.R. to divisional school. Captain Calhoun C.S. returned from leave. Major Rogers J.B. returned from Corps Hqrs. Weather fair.

November 20, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Lt. Picard R.E. and Lt. Rogers D.F. on leave. 225 O.R. and 6 officers working parties. Brig. Gen. Hughes G.B. visited Battalion. Weather fine.

November 21, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Lt. Baldwin E.D. on trench mortar course. 225 O.R. working parties. Captain Matthew “J” and Lt. Newton D went on leave. Heavy firing from directions of Somme. “C” Coy to Baths Villiers-au-Bois. Weather , fine – misty.

November 22, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Working parties 325 O.R. “A’ Coy to baths, Villiers-au-Bois. Lt. Dawson E.S. and Hood J.S. on leave. Brig. Gen. Hughes, G.B. resumed command of the brigade. Weather fine.

November 23, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Working parties 375 O.R. and 8 officers. Major J.B. Rogers promoted to Lt.-Col. from 1-10-16. Captain Moorehouse V.H.K. to Bethune to attend court-martial of #9548 Pte. Cohen, J. Weather – fine.

November 24, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Draft 60 O.R. reported. Working parties of 200 O.R. Lt. Scott E.J., Lt. Good H.C, Lt. Behan F.P. returned from leave. Lt.-Col Rogers J.B. to Corps Hqrs. for lecture on court-martials. Weather – fair.

November 25, 1916
Location: Trenches
Entry: Working party of 225 O.R. Captain Moorehouse V.H.K. returned. Weather fair.

November 26, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: Lt. Blackey, P. Lt. Patterson, G.C. Lt. Bush N.V. and Lt. Purdie F.H. on course to Div’l school. Relieved by 5th Canadian Bn. and moved back to Div’l Reserve in Camblain L’Abbe battalion all in by 6 p.m. Lt. McQueen C.W . appointed grenade officer and Lt. Loughery T.A. acting machine gun officer, Lt. Coombs H. transferred to “C” coy as 2nd in command. Weather – fine.

November 27, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: Day spent in cleaning up and in the taking of indents also paying. Capt. Curry W. E., Lt Brooke, K.C. and 4 O.R. on leave. Major Yates 2nd Bn. seriously injured when leave bus turned turtle. Two of our men injured. Cpl. Goulette R. and Pte. Cresar J.C. 8th Bn. raided gun line on Carency front.

November 28, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: 202 on courses to Div’l school, rest of BN. at work on close order drill. 22 O.R. leave. Weather fine.

November 29, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: Lt. McCormac A.B. and LT. Clifton H.K. returned from leave. Battalion parade morning and afternoon, close order drill. Court-martial of Lt. Dell [Drunkenness and acting “to the prejudice of good order and military discipline”], G.H. Major Haddon A.W. leave. Weather fine.

November 30, 1916
Location: Camblain L’Abbe
Entry: Battalion parades morning and afternoon. Musketry and gas helmet inspection. Accident at Div’l school 7 of our men wounded. Weather – fine.

Friday, December 1, 1916
Entry: Word received of Lt.-Col. W.D. Allan’s burial in TORONTO on October 10th. 8000 Soldiers attending. Battalion Parade in morning and afternoon, units carrying on with Physical drill and musketry. The following 5 Officers and 80 O.R. proceeded on special course at CAMBLIGNEUL
Lieut. E.D. Kidd,
Lieut. F.P. Behan,
Lieut. H. Coombs,
Lieut. A.B. Mc Cormac
Capt. H.S. Cooper
Weather: – Fine.

Saturday, December 2, 1916
Entry: Battalion parade in morning, companies carried on with company drill. Men on Bombing, Lewis gun and trench building course, completed their training. Lieut. P. Blackey, Lieut. J.H. Purdie, Lieut. W.C. Bush, and Lieut Patterson G.M. and 12 O.R. returned from courses at 1st Canadian Divisional School. Captain H.S. Cooper promoted acting Major and Lieut. H.H. Coombs acting Captain. Court-Martial of #139553 Cpl. M. Morrison [acting “to the prejudice of good order and military discipline.”] at GOUY SERVIES, Lieut. G.E. Reid being member of Court. Captain G.F. Forshaw appointed staff Captain 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade.
Lt.-Col. Sam Sharpe visited Battalion. Weather: Fine.

Sunday, December 3, 1916
Entry: Church parade in morning at Cinema. Service taken by Capt. Archer. Lieut. F.C. Brooke returned from course at Army School. Lieut. D.F. Rogers and Lieut. R.E. Picard returned from leave. Major D.H.C. Mason and Captain G. Crowther had dinner with us to-day, they are at present attached to 1st Canadian Entrenching Battalion. Draft of 150 O.R. from 123rd, 12?th and 129th. Canadian Bn. reported this date. Draft paraded to school and drew small box respirators. Captain V.H.K. Moorehouse on leave, Captain Jones, A.L. Acting M.O. Weather Fine.

Monday, December 4 1916
Entry: Moved from Camblain L’Abbe to relief of 16th Canadian Bn. in left of CARENCY [INSERT] Sector [END INSERT] at 10. a.m. Relief complete at 7.30 p.m. Companies in line as follows: –
“A” Company Support Lieut. Blackey, P.
“B” Company Right Lieut. Rogers, D.F.
“C” Company Centre Lieut. Cooper. C.e.
“D” Companu Left Lient. E. Reid
Bn. Hqrs. Kings Cross
Draft which reported on 3rd inst sent to Divisional School for training. Lieut. Baldwin, E.D. reported back from Army School. Lieut. McDonald G.G. and 10 O.R. on leave. Weather fine.

Tuesday, December 5, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Lieut. W. Bush and 2 O.R. to 1st Army T.M. School, Lieut. Bailey, R. and C.S.M. Esten, J. 1st Army School, Sergt. F. Williams acting C.S.M. of “A” Coy. Lieut. C.W. Jones returned from hospital. Lieut. Newton, D. Lieut. Hood, J.S. Lieut. Dawson, E.S. and Captain Matthews, J.I. returned from leave. Promotions as follows appeared in D.R.O.
Lieut. J. Cartwright to be Captain 14-6-16
Lieut. W.H. Kippen to be Captain 14-6-16
Lieut. G.E. Reid to be Captain 28-10-16
Lieut. McIntyre W.E. to be Captain 18-10-16
18 O.R. on leave. Weather fine.

Wednesday, December 6, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Very quiet day, C.S.M. H. Patrick was killed by sniper, shot through head. Lt.-Col. Hodgson acting at Brigadier-General, inspected the trenches, also called on by Col. Sykes in charge of Lahore Battery [Infantry Division (3rd) of the British Indian Army – as part of the Indian Corps in France] covering us. Our Stokes guns fired about 120 rounds with seemingly good effect. Lieut. C.E. Stevenson reported for duty. Weather. Fair, Misty

Thursday, December 7, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: German Patrol seen in front of “B” coy at about 12.30 p.m. it was immediately fired on by [INSERT] our [END INSERT] Lewis Guns and following this groans were heard so Lieut. D. Newton and Pte. H.G. Adams proceeded out and after a great many difficulties and under a brisk rifle fire succeeded in taking 2 Prisoners, one of whom had a broken leg and could not walk. This was a very smart piece of work on the part of Lt. Newton, D. as our front line had been cleared and about 5 minutes after he got in, we blew a camouflet [an artificial cavern created by an explosion] directly beneath the place where the encounter took place. [INSERT] Prisoners were from 17 Regt, 6th Bav, Res Division [END INSERT] 2 O.R. were wounded during the day by enemy pineapple bombs, Lieut. G.W. Mickleborough reported for duty and posted to “A” Coy. Our Guns Stokes, active throughout the day firing about 200 rounds, practically no enemy retaliation. Weather fine.

Friday, December 8, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Major D.H.C. Mason and Captain W.B. Crowther reported for duty the latter being posted to “C” Coy and Major Mason acting at Second in Command. Preparations completed re minor operation which Major H.S. Cooper, Captain H. Coombs, Lieut. E.C. Kidd, Lieut. A.B. McCormac and Lieut. F.P. Behan and 90 O.R. joining the Battalion in the trenches. Draft of 10 O.R. reported. No casualties for last 36 hours. All preparations being made for raid which is to take place opposite “D” Coys frontage at 4 a.m. December 9th.

Saturday, December 9, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Men who are making raid when brought up yesterday were quartered in “Quarry” they moved there at 3 a.m. to take over part of “D” Coys front line. No casualties before party left over trenches at 4.30 a’.’ See attached report marked “A”. Casualties from raid 29 O.R. wounded, 2 O.R. Killed and Lieutn E.C. Kidd and Lieut. A.B. McCormac and Captain H. Coombs wounded. Rest of day very quiet with a little enemy T.M. [trench mortar] activity about 5 p.m. Men who made raid returned to billets at CAMBLIGNEUL. Weather: Fair.

Sunday, December 10, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Our patrols acting throughout trying to locate bodies of any dead Germans also body of Sergeant Bethune, D, who is missing but nothing is found.  Lieut. A.R. Elton, Lieut. J.H. Patton, J.H. [duplicate initials] and Lieut. Mickleborough, H.E. and 13 O.R. to 1st Canadian Divisional School. Major-General A.W. Currie inspected men who participated in raid at 9.30 a.m. at CAMBLIGNEUL where men are at present billeted. Our artillery very active in Hun trenches about 6 p.m. as we observed many of them crowding into front line. Enemy very nervous throughout the night. Weather: Fair.

Monday, December 11, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Lieut. E.J. Scott reported back from Musketry School and Lieut. McQueen, C.W. from hospital. Slight minenwerfer activity on right flank front, our artillery also very active firing on enemy emplacements, etc. “D” Coy did some very good work in wiring their front line last night. Lieut. E.S. Dawson is being particularly good. Major C.A.V. McCormac reported for duty. Privates Scarlet, E.S., Welsh, R., Foster, T.G. died of wounds December 10th and buried to-day at Villiers-au-Bois cemetery.
Lieut. G.H. Dell who has been dismissed from “His Majesty’s Service” left Battalion to-day [He had been court-martialled for drunkenness and acting “to the prejudice of good order and military discipline.”]

Tuesday, December 12, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: “D” Coy completed 280 yards of wiring on their front, a very good piece of work. Germans blew camouflet under “B” Coy. This wrecked trenches but caused no casualties. Relieved by 2nd Canadian Bn. and moved back to Brigade Support at DALYS at 4 p.m. “A” and “B” Coys in BAJOLIE “C” and “D” in CARENCY. Weather. Fine.

Wednesday, December 13, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Working parties of 380 O.R. “A” Coy moved back to CARENCY as dug-outs at BAJOLIE Line have fallen in. Major Cooper, H.S. and party reported back for duty. 76 of our men at Divisional School also reported back. Weather: Drizzly.

Thursday, December 14, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Major H.S. Cooper and Lieut. C.W. Jones and 28 O.R. on leave. Lieut. P. Blackey to Hospital. Enemy shelled CARENCY, about 20 shells in all. Working parties of 290 O.R. and 6 Officers. Persistent rumours of peace, etc. received throughout the day, but when papers arrived found to be unfounded. Weather: Rain.

Friday, December 15, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Captain L. Jones relieved as M.O. Captain Staufford, L.L. taking his place. Working parties at 14th. Very quiet day. Weather, Rain.

Saturday, December 16, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: 1st Canadian Bn. captured a prisoner yesterday. 44th Battalion Officers up looking over line, etc. Lt.-Col. J.B. Rogers to BOULOGNE for a week’s Commanding Officer’s conference. Weather: Fine.

Sunday, December 17. 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Working parties as usual. Germans shelled CARENCY about 200 shells in all being put into it. Weather: Fine

Monday, December 18, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Lieut. Patton, J.H., Lieut. Elton, A.R. and Lieut. Mickleborough, K.E. reported back from Divisional School also 70 partially trained men who have been training there. 44th Bn. Officers came up and looked over line again 7 of them staying with us for the night. Weather: Fine. Captain Calhoun, C.S. and 1 O.R. left at 8 a.m. as billeting party for new area.

Tuesday, December 19, 1916
Location: TRENCHES
Entry: Relief complete by 3 p.m. Units moving back to huts at CAMBLAIN L’ABBE upon relief. Weather. Fine, Snow.

Wednesday, December 20, 1916
Entry: Battalion moved from CAMBLAIN L’ABBE at 9 a.m. marching to BAJUS, a distance of about 10 miles, arriving there at 2 p.m. Billets scattered “C” and “D” Coys being about 3 miles from BN. HQRS. Major McKenzie, M.D. to England.
Weather: Fine.

Thursday, December 21, 1916
Location: BAJUS
Entry: Lieut. W.E. Bush returned from T.M. School. 2nd Lieut. N.B. McPherson reported for duty this date from 12th Bn. Royal Fusiliers. Companies carried on with kit inspection through the morning and lectures in afternoon. Weather: Misty.

Friday, December 22, 1916
Location: BAJUS
Entry: Lieut. Glassford, H.A. reported for duty this date and was posted to “A” Coy. Companies carried on with lectures in the morning on account of rain, parades also cancelled in the afternoon.
Weather: Rain.

Saturday, December 23, 1916
Location: BAJUS
Entry: Weather again poor, so Companies were again confined to billets for training. C.S.M. Tunnah R. reported back from Army School and is being used as Sergeant-Major instructor. Lt.-Col. J.B. Rogers returned from Army conference at BOULOGNE.
Weather: Rain.

Sunday, December 24, 1916
Location: BAJUS
Entry: Captain J.S. Livingstone and Lieut. P. Blackey reported back to the Battalion.
Church Parade in morning, service taken by Captain Archer.  Military Medal awarded to #172085 Private Adams, H.G. [INSERT] (See entry of December 7th) [END INSERT]

Monday, December 25, 1916
Location: BAJUS
Entry: Major Cooper H.S. returned from leave. Men given very good dinner, following being distributed to Battalion. 1000 lbs. Turkey, 400 lbs. Plum Pudding, 250 lbs. Biscuits, 1000 lbs. Oranges, besides this a grant of 25¢ per head was given. All units had sit down dinners in the middle of the day which were greatly appreciated. The total cost of the dinner to the Battalion was about $1,400. Besides above some 40,000 cigarettes and 1000 cigars were distributed to the men.
Lt.-Col. J.B. Rogers gave his dinner on night of 25th which was also a great success.
Lient. F.P. Behan to hospital.

Tuesday, December 26, 1916
Location: BAJUS
Entry: Mr. Robertson from the staff of the TELEGRAM, TORONTO paid us a visit. Companies carried on with bombing, drill, etc. except “A” Coy who spent day at 2nd Field Coy F.C.C.E. [Field Company Canadian Engineers] where they practiced field engineering. Lieut. Purdie, F. to Hospital.  Weather. Fine.

Wednesday, December 27, 1916
Location: BAJUS
Entry: Companies carried on with physical drill, platoon drill and musketry in morning and sports in afternoon. Meeting of Officers at Brigade to organize Rugby team representatives from this unit. Captain G.E. Reid and Lieut. McQueen, C.W., Lt.-Col. to Div’l HQRS to attend conference of Battaion Commanders. Weather: Fine.

Thursday, December 28, 1916
Location: BAJUS
Entry: Major Haddon and 15 O.R. to Musketry School as markers at MONCHY BRETON for Brigade shooting. Companies carried on training in morning. Lieut E.S. Dawson returned from Hospital. Battalion Route March from noon till 3 p.m. All Officers attended lecture at 4 p.m. by Major Greer at Brigade HQRS. Major Cooper H.S. organizing Bn. Bombing School. Weather, Fair

Friday, December 29, 1916
Location: BAJUS
Entry: Rain prevented any parades in morning and also in the afternoon. Court-Martials of Cohen and Martel. Lt.-Col. J.B. Rogers to BRUAY as a member of G.C.M. Following men have been granted Military Medals: 438662 L/Cpl Jones. T. 129090 Cpl Greer, F. 201419 Pte Laird, J. 427297 Sgt. Rowden, C. 201169 Pte. Featherstone, C. 404032 Pte. Broddy, C. 404220 Sgt. Thompson, A. 2013474 Pted. Gardner, F. 158062 L/Cpl Stephens, F. These decorations were all won in raid on December 9th. Lt.-Col. Lowry, W.A. and Major [UNREADABLE] Byard J. Coulson reported for duty. These Officers are on tour of instruction and have been attached to Bn. till January 7th, 1917. Lieut. K.C. BROOKE acting as Assistant Adjutant.
Weather – rain.

Saturday, December 30, 1916
Location: BAJUS
Entry: Streets of village all flooded, parades impossible. Following officers acting at instructors at Battalion School:
Major H.S. COOPER.
Lieut. N.V. CLIFF.
School is all organized and will open on January 2, 1917. Major-General CURRIE spoke to all officers and N.C.O.’s at Y.M.C.A. tent BAJUS. His lecture was very impressive. Lt. C.E. STEVENSON returned from leave. Lt. H.C. GOOD returned from Canadian Corps School. Weather – fine.

Sunday, December 31, 1916
Location: BAJUS
Entry: Church parade in Y.M.C.A. tent. Service taken by Major WOODS. Major WOODS reported to Battalion for duty as chaplain. All Units held Muster parade.
Weather – fine.

War Diary – December 1916 – Appendix 1 [AKA Report A – see entry dated December 9, 1916]

Ref. 8-82
1st Canadian Infantry Brigade,
December 16th, 1916
1st Canadian Division.


Reference attached map.

The 3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion having volunteered to conduct a raid on the enemy’s trenches, commenced their arrangements on November 30th, 1916.

The section of trench to be raided was selected as the one most likely to be occupied by the Germans. (Previous raids having failed in their object on account of trenches being abandoned). Aeroplane photos showed the trench to be in excellent condition and the Intelligence Summaries reports considerable new work being done. Also few machine gun emplacements had been reported and they were poorly sited.

At noon on December 2nd, the Officers and other ranks selected for the raid were sent off to a separate billet unknown to the remainder of the Battalion, and commenced at once to dig trenches which have been staked out from photographs to resemble the enemy’s trenches. This work was completed on Dec. 4th when the organization of the different parties took place and training commenced. The training was carried out in two stages, the first being the instruction of every man in his duties and in bombing the dummy bombs. The second stage was carried on with live bombs, every detail being worked out as it would be done in the operation.

Training was completed on December 6th but it was decided that the operation would not take place until the morning of December 9th. The whole party moved into the trenches at the head of PELLETIER AVENUE on the afternoon of the 8th, when each man was shown his position and the ground over which he would advance.

Zero hour had previously been fixed at 4 a.m. but at this time the moon was far too bright and the operation was postponed until 4.35 a.m. when the party moved out in front of our wire and the signal to move was given. The advance across “No Man’s Land” was made by three parties (Right, Centre and Left), each being led by two scouts who had previously reconnoitered the ground, and who led them so skillfully that all parties crawled within 15 to 20 yards of the enemy’s wire without being seen.

In the final rush for the trenches the Right and Left parties succeeded in crossing the enemy’s wire on bath-mats, while the centre party was held up by deep and heavy wire. The Right party was met with very heavy bombing which partly disorganized them before they reached the parapet, but it quickly rallied and rushed the trench which was cleared after very hard fighting. The Left party rushed the trench, gained all their objective and captured a machine gun which had only time to fire four rounds. The Centre party was completely held up by wire, but under direction of their Officer opened out in front of the wire and threw all their bombs into the enemy trench which was heavily manned.
The signal to retire was given eight minutes after the first man entered the German trenches.

In accordance with the Artillery arrangements attached, a barrage was opened on the enemy’s trenches to cover the retirement. This barrage was very accurate and was of great assistance to our troops. Six guns of the 1st Canadian Trench Mortar Battery did excellent work in putting up a joint barrage with the artillery.

In order to deceive the enemy as to the exact location of the raid, an artillery diversion was arranged for the front of the 4th Canadian Battalion, which held the trenches on the right of the 3rd Canadian Battalion. A signal for the opening of this fire was sent through when our first bomb burst in the enemy trench, but owing to the fact that the message had to pass through two Artillery Brigades and thence to the batteries, the fire was some six minutes late in opening.

The results of the raid were as follows: –
1. A machine gun complete with mounting and a belt with 244 rounds were capture.
2. From 100 to 130 yards of enemy trench was cleared.
3. Two Officers and 20 other ranks are known to have been killed.
4. Fourteen dugouts were bombed, several being full of Germans. Large charges of
gun cotton were exploded in three of the latter.
5. The raid has greatly increased the esprit de corp and all the party are keen for
another such operation. 70 of the personnel was composed of draft men who had
never seen a fight before, and who now know from experience that they are
superior to the enemy.
6. The total casualties inflicted on the enemy is estimated at 100.

The enemy trench was found to be from 7 to 9 feet deep, 2 ½ feet wide at the bottom and 4 to 5 feet at the top. It was in good condition and bathmatted throughout. The walls were build chiefly with well battered sandbags, but in places brushwood hurdles and timber revetting were used.

The fire step was continuous throughout except for a short distance on the left, and was about 2’ 6” high and 12 inches wide.

The majority of the dugouts seen were from 12 to 13 feet deep, built both under the parapet and parados and with entrances at every 25 yards.

Only one communication trench was entered and it was found to be in fair condition although it was not revetted.

The wire was generally in good condition and was constructed with concertina interwoven with barbed wire with stakes every 3 to 4 yards. The bath mats used by the right and left parties flattened it out so that it was unnecessary to cut a lane for the parties returning. The captured machine gun was found on top of the parapet with no special emplacement.

(SIGNED) W. Hodgson
Commanding 1st. Canadian Infantry Brigade.

War Diary – December 1916 – Appendix 2

December 5th, 1916
Lt.-Colonel J.B. Rogers, Commanding 3rd Canadian Battalion (Toronto Regiment)
Ref. Map VIMY Ed.7.  1/100000.

1. The 3rd, Canadian Inf. Bn (Toronto Regt.) will conduct a minor operation at zero time.

(a) Information as to enemy’s defences, mining, gas.
(b) Identification by prisoners or otherwise
(c) Destruction or capture of material.

The attacking party under Major H.S. Cooper will assemble in our front line at head of PELLETIER AVE., between s.8.b.7 ½.7 ½.to x.8.b.7 ¾.9 ¼. one half hour before zero time, and will pass out of the Sally posts lying down in front of our wire 5 minutes before zero time.

The signal for the assault will be given by firing 2 rounds rapid with a rifle at zero time.

The enemy’s defences will be entered at:-
(a) S.9.a.1 ½.7. By the right sub party under Lient. C.E. Kidd
(b) S.9.a.2.7. by the centre sub party under Lieut. F.P. Behan
(c) S.9.a.1 ¾.9 ½. by the left sub party under Lieut. A.B. McCormick

The attack will be carried as per schedule A.

All ranks will be in service dress without identification marks. All badges (not rank), identity discs and private papers being removed. Each member of the party to carry in his trouser pocket a linen tag on which will be his number, rank and name. Each member will wear a steel helmet. Faces and hands will be blackened, also all bright articles such as bayonets, buttons, gloves, bathmats, ladders, wire and steel helmets. Nothing to be carried in pockets or otherwise except as above and special equipment innumerate in schedule A

The enemy’s trenches will be vacated as soon as possible after entry due regard begin given to the object of the attack. The withdrawal in any case must take place ten minutes after the first man has entered the trench. The Officer commanding the attack (Lieut. Kidd) will remain outside enemy trench at S.9.a.1 ½.7. where he will be in telephone communication with O.C. Operation in our trenches. The signal for withdrawal will be given by a rippling blast on whistle (as used in practice). This signal will be repeated by all party commanders, and everyone will rush back to point of entry and on to our front line. On no account will the word retire be used nor any signal or command for withdrawal be obeyed except the authorized one.

A telephone will be established near SALLY ports to connect with O.C. Attack. A guard of 1 Officer and 10 men will be mounted to conduct prisoners to Battalion Headquarters. Prisoners must be passed in with their identifications intact. An Officer will be at every Company telephone during the progress of the attack.

10. ARTILLERY. As approved by C.R.A. and O.C. Trench Mortars.

11. WATCHES. Watches will be synchronized daily at 2.00 p.m. until the attack
takes place.

NOTE. Preceeding the attack there will be no unnecessary or unusual movements in our trenches. Sally Ports must be prepared and not broken through until after dark. Our wire will also be cut after dark and arrangements made to close gaps after the operation has been completed. On completion of operation, special vigilance will be necessary.

(Signed) W.H. Kippen, Capt. & Adjt. 3rd Canadian Battalion, (Toronto Regt.)


Advanced Headquarters – Lieut. C.E. Kidd
2 Signallers
2 Stretcher Bearers.

Special Duties: General Suspension of Attack. Giving signals for retirement. Corporals to give signals in case anything goes wrong.

139235 Pte. E. Jones ) Centre Bath Party
201224 Pte. E.S. Scarlett )
1 Bath mat, 1 pair wire cutters each 2 M.5 each.
To place bath mat on wire in front of S.9.a.2.7. and cut a path in wire after party has entered trench.
9664 Pte. T.T. Band )
437612 Pte. A. Ramsay ) Right Bath Mat Party
1 Bath mat, 1 pair wire cutters each 2 M.5 each.
To place bathmats on wire in front of S.9.a.1 ½.7. and cut a path through the wire after party has entered trench.
20115 Pte. A. Farley )
201159 Pte. O.J. Feathersonte) Left Bath Mat Party
1 Bath mat, 1 pair wire cutters 2 M.5 each.
To place bath mats on wire in front of S.9.a.1 ¾.9 ½ and cut a path in wire after party has entered.

766406 Pte. F.L. Jennings )
139501 Pte. W.R. Allen ) Centre Ladder Men.
1 scaling ladder and 2 M.5 each.
To place scaling ladder at point of entry S.9.a.2.7. and carry same back to our line after party retires from enemy trench.
427851 Pte. W. Orr )
460805 Pte. H. Mack ) Right Ladder Party
1 scaling ladder and 2 M.5 each.
To place scaling ladder at point of entry S.9.a.1 ½.7. and carry same back to our line after party retires from enemy trench.
201419 Pte. M.T. Jackman )
201668 Pte. J.T. Price ) Left Ladder Party
1 scaling ladder and 2 M.5 each.
To place scaling ladder at point of entry S.9.a.1 ½.9 ¼. and carry same back to our line after party retires from enemy trench.

No. Name Equipment
433146 G. Green Revolver, 4 M.5
Broddy “ “
201896 G. Verral “ “
201736 W. Colas “ “
170867 F. Wilson “ “
201787 A. Earl “ “
Special Duties:
Under direction of Lieut. McCornack to carefully reconnoiter “No Man’s Land” between our lines and the enemy’s lines where operation is to take place, report on ground and enemy wire, put out guiding marks to points of entry and guide parties to points of entry. When operation takes place after guiding parties over they will run back to our trenches and lay white tape to points of exit in our trenches.

One Bayonet man, One Thrower, One Carrier, One Leader and One Wirer.
Special Duties: To enter enemy trench at about S.9.a.1 ½.7., bomb to the right along the front line, place and hold a block about S.9.a.1.6.

One Bayonet man, One Thrower, One Carrier, One Leader, One rifleman, and One Wirer.
Special Duties: To enter trench at about S.9.a.1 ½.7, rush them from line to left, turn up Communication trench at S.9.a.2.8. and place and hold block at about S.9.a.3.6 ½.

One Bayonet man, One Thrower, One Carrier, One Leader and One Wirer.
Special Duties: To enter enemy trenches at about S.9.a.1 ½.7. follow along after party C to trench junction at S.9.a.2 ½.7. turn up Communication Trench here and place and hold a block at S.9.a.3.7 ¼.
Lieut. H.H. Coombs will be in charge of Parties “C” & “D”.

One Bayonet man, One Thrower, One Carrier, One Bayonet man, One Loader and One Thrower.
Special Duties: To enter enemy trench at about S.9.a.2.7. and bomb along front line to about S.9.a.1 ½.9 and connect up with left party. Should left party fail to get into enemy trench, Party E will make and hold a block at about S.9.a.1 ¾.9 ½.

One Bayonet man, One Thrower, One Carrier, One Leader, Two Gun cotton men.
Special Duties: To enter enemy trenches at about S.9.a.1 ¾.9 ½. Rush trench to right and into supposed mine sap at S.9.a.1 ¾.9 ½. and destroy mine sap. Fuse to be lit when signal to retire is given.

One Bayonet man, One Thrower, One Carrier, One Rifleman, One Thrower, One Carrier, One Leader, One Conductor.
Special Duties: To enter enemy trenches at about S.9.a.1 ½.7. follow behind party F to S.9.d.1 ¾.9. then rush front line and sap at S.9.a.1.9. The last four men of this party divide at Island at S.9.a.1 ½.9. first two men going to right and the last two men going to the left.
These men will form a dug-out clearing party and clear dug-outs and trenches back to point of entry. Should the right or centre party fail to get into trench Party G will make and hold a block at about S.9.,a.1 ½.9 ½. last four men carrying on as mentioned.

One Bayonet man, One Thrower, One Carrier, One Leader, One Rifleman and One Wirer.
Special Duties: To entre enemy trenches at about S.9.a.1 ¾.9 ½. bomb along front line and make and hold a block at about S.3.s.2.0.


One Bayonet man, One Thrower, One Carrioer, One Thrower, One Leader, One Conductor.
Special Duties: To enter enemy trenches at about S.9.a.1 ½.7. follow behind Party D. to S.9.a.2 ½.7 ¼. then rush trench to S.9.a.2.7 ¾. (Junct. Front Line). Then clear front line and dugouts from this point to point of entry.

One Thrower, One Carrier, One Leader and One Conductor.
Special Duties: To enter enemy trenches at about S.9.a.1 ½.7. follow behind party I and clear trench and dugouts in loop, from S.9.a.2.7. round to S.9.a.2.7 ¾.

One Thrower, One Carrier, One Leader, Two Clearers, One Conductor.
Special Duties: To enter enemy trenches at about S.9.a.2.7. bomb dugouts along front line, following party E and clearing dugouts on return to entry point. The last two men of this party will clear dugouts and trench from S.9.a.2.7 to S.9.a.2 ¼.7. and then follow on with their party.


The above parties will be equipped as follows:

Bayonet Man – Rifle, Bayonet, Torch 50 Rds. S.A.A. 6 Mills No. 5.
Thrower – Revolver and 12 Mills No. 5.
Carrier – Revolver and 20 Mills No. 5.
Leader – Rifle 50 Rds S.A.A. Torch and 6 Mills No. 5.
Rifleman – Rifle, Mills attachment, 2 Mills No. 5 10 mills No. 23 with blank cartridges.
Wirer – Roll of wire 2 Mills No. 5 and Knob Kerry
Gun Cotton Men – 2 Mills No. 5, Torch, 10 lbs of Gun Cotton for G.D., Knob Kerry.
Conductor – Torch, Knob Kerry 2 Mills No. 5.
Clearer – Revolver, Torch, 12 Mills No. 5.


War Diary – December 1916 – Appendix 3

SECRET. S.226 8-12-16


1. About 4.00 a.m. on the 9-12-16 probably the left Battalion (3rd Canadian Infantry Bn.) will carry out a raid on the enemy trenches on our front. To attract the enemy’s attention when the first bomb is thrown the word “DIVERSION” will be sent from the front line to the Liaison Officer at Battalion H.Q. and this will be transmitted to Bde. R.F.A. who will at once open fire on their front. The infantry will enter the enemy trenches at the following points:
– Right entry S.9.a.1.6 and make a block at S.9.a.1.5 ½. A party goes to left and blocks
at S.9.a.3.6 ½. A third party blocks at S.9.a.5.7.
– Centre entry S.9.a.0.7 and goes along dugouts to left
– Left entry S.9.a.1.9. and blocks at S.9.a.1 ½.9 ¾. East of Raid 50 yards S. and E. of PELLETIER ALLEY.

2. The following will be artillery programme; Guns will cover retirement of Infantry after leaving enemy’s front line. It is estimated that the Infantry will be about an half an hour crossing “No Man’s Land” and negotiating the wire. This time may extend to an hour.
Batteries will fire as follows:
59th Battery R.F.A.
1 Gun S.9.a.4.7. (C.T.)
1 Gun S.9.a.3 ½.6. (C.T.)
1 Gun S.9.a.1 ½.3 ½ (C.T.)
1 Gun Crater S.8.b.9.0 ½ (M.G. Emplacement) 020. Battalion will clear trenches
immediately opposite crater.
1 Gun S.9.a.2.2 ½. (C.T.)
94th Battery R.F.A.
1 Gun S.3.c.0.5.
1 Gun S.3.c.1 ½.3.
1 Gun S.3.c.4.0 ½. (C.T.)
1 Gun S.9.a.9.4 ½.
1 Gun S.9.a.4.8 ¼.
1 Gun S.9.a.3 ¼.7 ½.
1 Gun S.c.3.4.0 ½.
1 Gun S.9.a.4 ½.8 ½.
1 Gun S.9.a.2.2 ½.
2 Gun S.9.a.3 ½.6 ¼.

LEFT – No fire further right on front line than S.3.c.2.1.
RIGHT – No fire further left on front line than A.9.a.1.5 ½.

4. Ammunition allotment – 25 rounds “A” per 18 pdr. Battery, to be used in M.G. Emplacements, All other expenditure “AK”.

5. Rate of fire – 18 pdrs. 6 rounds per gun per minute for first 5 minutes. 4.5 Hows. 4 rounds per gun per minute for first 3 minutes. After 5 minutes, stop. Should further fire be asked for, 18 pdrs, 3 rds per gun per minute, How 1 rd. per gun per minute until further orders.

6. Following code will be used:
DATES” – Party started
COTTON commence barrage
SUGAR stop barrage
FISH Further Artillery Required
PEAS Party returned.

7. The Liaison Officer will communicate direct to 94th Bty and to 18th Bde. H.P. who will transmit to Batteries. 59th and A/301 should not wait for Brigade Orders but should open fire instantly they hear the 94th, commence firing. The L.O. will make quite certain of communication from O.C. Raid who will be in our front line.

(Signed) C.McCarthy, Lieut. R.F.A.
For O.C. Left Group L.A.

War Diary – December 1916 – Appendix 4


First Army No. 5/2/116 (G)

Canadian Corps
Reference Canadian Corps. G.283 d/ 22-12-16
Will you please convey to the O.C. 3rd Canadian Battalionn (Toronto Regt) the Army Commanders appreciation of their excellent work. The thoroughness of the preliminary arrangements and the dash displayed are most commendable.

First Army (sd) J. Brind, Lt.Col.
16th December 1916 for Major General
General Staff, First Army
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Canadian Corps
G. 341
27th Dec. 1916

1st Canadian Division

The Corps Commander has much pleasure in conveying the above remarks to the Army Commander.
(Sgd) P. de B. Redcliffe,
B.G., G.S.
Canadian Corps.
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1st Canadian Division
28th December 1916.

1st Canadian Infantry Brigade

The Divisional Commander has much pleasure in forwarding the above.
(Signed) W.R. Bertram, Major
for Lieut. Col. General Staff.
1st Canadian Division.
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Ref. 11-79
1st Canadian Infantry Brigade,
December 28th, 1916.

3rd Canadian Battalion.
The Brigadier has much pleasure in forwarding the above.
(Sgd) W.A. Adams, Captain
Brigade Major.
1st Canadian Infantry Brigade.

War Diary – December 1916 – Appendix 5

Message to all Units
Sender’s Number N.G. 190
Day of Month 10

Following from Corps begins AAA Army Commander desires his congratulations to be conveyed to General, G.O.C. 1st Can.Inf.Bde and O.C. 3rd Cdn.Bn. and all who engaged in successful raid of 3rd Cdn.Bn. on morning of 9th AAA Well planned and thoroughly carried out AAA ends.


Message to VIOLET
Sender’s Number G.453
Day of Month 9

Following from Stickfast, time 1.29 p.m. begins AAA Please congratulate Violet on their very successful raid this morning AAA. General Byng AAA ends.

Time 2.05 P.M.

War Diary – December 1916 – Appendix 6

1st Canadian Division
10th December 1916.

Lieut-Colonel Rigers [Should read ROGERS]
Cmdg. 3rd Canadian Battalion
(Toronto Regiment).

My dear Rogers.

I have made myself familiar with all the details of the successful raid carried out by members of your Battalion on the morning of the 9th inst., having talked with all unwounded Officers, N.C.O.’s and men.

I wish to most heartily congratulate all concerned on the excellent and carefully thought out plan and on the skill, dash and pluck with which it was carried out.

I consider that it was a splendid success, a great many casualties having been inflicted, much useful information gained, while the capture of the machine gun rounds off very nicely, an especially fine performance. More power to the 3rd Battalion.

Ever yours faithfully,
(Signed) “A.W. Currie”.

War Diary – December 1916 – Appendix 7










16 O.R.

6 O.R. Killed
41 O.R. Wounded

2 O.R.

1 German Machine Gun

Dec 1st – 4th Camblain L’Abbe
Dec 5th – 12th Trenches
Dec 13th – 19th Carency
Dec 19th – 20th Camblain L’Abbe
Dec 21st – 31st BAJUS

War Diary – December 1916 – Appendix 8

Following is Nominal Roll of original 3rd Canadian Battalion men present with the Battalion December 31st, 1916:-

10096 Pte. Andrews, H.W. Tspt.
10101 Pte. Atkinson, R. Tspt.
9644 Pte. Barrett, L. B.Coy.
9174 Sgt. Bond, F. M.G.
9094 Pte. Brown, A.J. Tspt.
9520 Pte. Burleigh, W. B.Coy.
9421 Sgt. Burrows, A.R. Q.M.S.
10002 Pte. Byrne, J. A.Coy.
9408 Pte. Carrington, C.G. Stores
9637 Pte. Chenery, F.L. Tspt.
9306 Sgt. Clapton, R.L. Hqrs.
9900 Pte. Clark, T. Tspt.
9548 Pte. Cohen, I. B.Coy.
9430 Pte. Cook, J. B.Coy.
9302 Pte. Copping, A. A.Coy.
9283 Sgt. Coulthard, A.K. Sigs.
9180 Pte. Cranston, G.H. Tspt.
9549 Sgt. Curtis, E. B.Coy.
9440 Pte. Davies, M.C. Stores.
9313 Pte. Davis, S.G. A.Coy.
10021 Pte. Dickens, J.J. Tspt.
9191 Pte. Durham, P. Hors.
9525 Cpl. Fossett, J. B.Coy.
10026 Pte. Franklin, T. D.Coy.
9787 Pte. Gamey, C.A. A.Coy.
9906 Pte. Graham, R. Tspt.
9912 Pte. Green, J. M.G.
9518 Cpl. Grundy, A.J. S.B.
9634 Pte. Gurnett, E.A. Sigs.
9454 Sgt. Hall, W.A. B.Coy.
9563 Cpl. Hall, H.W. Hqrs.
10028 Pte. Hamilton, W.H. M.G.
9632 Pte. Hanna, H.W. A.Coy.
9852 Pte. Hurd, C.K. Tspt.
9930 Pte. Irvine, J.D. Tspt.
9348 Pte. Johnson, E. Tspt.
9064 Pte. Jones, R.G. Sigs.
9071 Pte. Legate, T.G. Tspt.
9690 Pte. Loty, E. C.Coy.
9334 Pte. Lowrie, P. A.Coy.
9473 Pte. Macmurchy, W.C. D.Coy.
9753 Pte. McBride A.D. Tspt.
9865 Sgt. McCleary R. Tspt.
9934 Cpl. McKelvie, J. Hqrs.
9227 Sgt. McManus, S. M.G.
10045 Pte. Mahon, J.L. S.B.
9073 Pte. Maitland, W. Tspt.
9940 Cpl. May, W.H. D.Coy.
9577 Pte. Millett, G. B.Coy.
9942 C.S.M. Moulds, T.J. D.Coy.
9074 Cpl. Mullen, J. Tspt.
9226 Pte. Murdock, R. A.Coy.
9228 Pte. Musgrove, G.H. Tspt.
9076 Pte. Mussen, W. S.B.
9703 Pte. Newdick, T.W. Tspt.
9816 Cpl. Newport, R.W. Hqrs.
10058 Sgt. O’Brien, D. D.Coy.
9231 Pte. Owen, E.L. Hqrs.
10062 Pte. Pickup, G. M.G.
9748 Pte. Pilling, S.H. Hqrs.
9519 Pte. Pollard, G.A. B.Coy.
9556 Cpl. Pollock, G.H. Stores.
9516 LCpl. Presant, C.H. Sigs.
9714 Pte. Renfrey, W. Tspt.
9240 LCpl. Rogers, E.A. A.Coy.
9400 Pte. Rush, C.W. Sigs.
10071 Pte. Savory, F.E. Hqrs.
9403 Pte. Scott, T. Tspt.
9364 Pte. Short, G.E. A.Coy.
9373 Pte. Smith, H.F. Tspt.
9092 Pte. Spain, F.W. Band.
9250 Sgt. Spalding, R.C. C.Coy.
9068 Sgt. Spence, H.V. S.B.
9957 Pte. Stephenson, P.C. Tspt.
10071 Pte. Stretton, G. B.Coy.
9830 Pte. Swinford, C. Tspt.
9494 Pte. Theberge, P.H. Band.
9835 Pte. Thomas, F.W. C.Coy
9070 Cpl. Thorne, N. Tspt.
9497 Pte. Thorne, C.W. B.Coy.
9072 Pte. Wallen, A.J. D.Coy.
9965 Cpl. Wardlaw, P. M.G.
9385 Pte. Webster, H. Tspt.
9510 C.Q.M.S. Wiles, H.A. B.Coy.
9966 Sgt. Williams, F. A.Coy.
9969 Pte. Woods, J. Tspt.

War Diary – December 1916 – Appendix 9

Following is Nominal Roll of original 3rd Canadian Battalion Officers present with the Battalion December 31st 1916:-

Lt. Col. J.B. Rogers, Came to France as a Lieut.
Major D.H.C. Mason, Came to France supernumery Captain.
Twice wounded.
Capt. W.H. Kippen, Came to France a Private.
Capt. C.S. Calhoun, Came to France a Private.
Hon. Capt. J.I. Matthews, Came to France as R.Q.M.S.
Capt. W. Curry, Came to France Lieut. (wounded)
Lieut. F.P. Behan, Came to France a Private.
Lieut. D. Newton, Came to France a Corporal.
Capt. C.E. Cooper, Came to France as C.Q.M.S.
Lieut. E.S. Dawson, Came to France a Private.
Lieut. H.K. Clifton, Came to France a Sergeant.
Major C.A.V. McCormack, Came to France a Lieutenant.
Lieut. E.J. Scott, Came to France a Corporal.
Lieut. B.C. Good, Came to France a Lance Sergeant.
Capt. W.B. Crowther, Came to France a Lieutenant
Lieut. N. Cliff Came to France a Private.

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