Timeline: 1900-1924

See Timeline home page for references.

1900-1904|1905-1909|1910-1914|1915-1919 |1920-1924


April 14 – Sergeant Albert Beattie dies of enteric fever in South Africa while serving in the Special Service Battalion of the Royal Canadian Regiment during the South African War.

May 8 – Name changed to 2nd Regiment “Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada” (Militia Order 105/1900) [2] p375

November 7th – Canadian Contingent in the Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry head to England.

November 29 – Canadian Contingent in the Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry reach England while there they were inspected by Queen Victoria at age 81 this would be one of her last public appearances.

December 22 – Canadian Contingent in the Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry reach Halifax. There the 2nd (Special Service) Battalion was disbanded.


February 2 – A regimental Memorial Service for Queen Victoria held at St Andrew’s Church. [2] p80

March 26 – Lieutenant Colonel Henry Pellatt replaces Delamere as Commanding Officer [2] p344

April – A military tournament and horse show stage at the Amouries during a week in April [2] p80

May 23-26 – Visited Camp Niagara. Each man contributed $2.50 [2]p80


Rev E.C. Cayley succeeds Rev G. E. Lloyd as chaplain [2] p81

April 30 – Regiment holds training and plans for trip to London.

From Toronto Globe and Mail, 01 May 1902
From Toronto Globe and Mail, 01 May 1902

July 7 – Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Henry Pellatt, the King Edward VII Coronation contingent including the Queen’s Own Rifles Band, is under canvas at Alexander Park, London.

The Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada Bugle Band, 1902 on the steps of Alexandra Palace, London, England. They were present for the coronation of King Edward VII. (04299)

May 24 – London, Ontario was visited by the Regiment [2] p81

June 23 – Toronto streetcar employees go on strike and regiment is called out in aid to civil power. Strike ends at 9pm without incident [2] p81


May 24 – Queen’s Own and 13th Battalion of Hamilton visit Brantford for the unveiling of a local South African War memorial [2] p82

May 24 – General Order No. 24 officially named the Toronto Brigade as consisting of The Queen’s Own Rifles, the Royal Grenadiers and the 48th Highlanders [2] p82

September 29 – A detachment of 70 men and 3 officers under (then) Major Malcolm Mercer and also troops from the Royal Grenadiers and the 48th Highlanders, travels to Sault Ste Marie to quell potential riots of employees of the Consolidated Lake Superior Company who had not been paid [2] p82

For more information on the Sault Ste Marie Riots

October 2 – Detachment arrives home from Sault Ste Marie [2] p82


October 24 – The regiment parade for a trip to Buffalo as guest of the 74th Regiment of the National Guard, with a strength of 716 [2] p82


Average attendance at Spring drills was 703 [2] p82

74th Regiment visits Toronto, camps at Garrison Common and on Sunday attended service at St James Cathedral [2] p82


April 26 – 890 strong regiment departs for New York City on two special trains to visit the 12th Regiment of New York and participate in a military tournament held at Madison Square Gardens [2] p83

May 1 – Reorganized into two battalions (General Order 72/06). Lieutenant Colonel P.L. Mason commanded 1st Battalion and Lieutenant Colonel E.F. Gunther the 2nd Battalion  [2] p375


Sergeants’ Mess started a building fund [2] p84

Massey, CAApril 15 – Future Governor General Vincent Massey enlists in the Queen’s Own Rifles [2] p85


February 4 – QOR Chapter, Imperial Order of the Daughters of the Empire was formed. [2] p84

April 1 – Regimental Order No. 3 authorized the formation of a machine gun (Maxim) detachment, maximum 25 all ranks, and signal corps of the same size. The regiment already had a Pioneer Section and a Stretcher Bearer Section. [2] p84

July 19 – Toronto Brigade leaves for Quebec Tercentenary. QOR is limited to one battalion of ten companies. [2] p83

For more information on the Quebec Tercenterary

July 24 – Tercentenary Review is held with the Prince of Wales taking the salute and the Queen’s Own Rifles led by Honorary Colonel Field Marshall Lord Roberts [2] p84

Quebec 1908_0001
Tented Camp during Quebec Tercentenary
Quebec 1908_0002
QOR march through Quebec City

November 21 – IODE hosts the regiment at a party and fun fair throughout the afternoon and evening [2] p84


August 13 – QOR 1910 trip Battalion leaves Toronto. For more information visit: https://qormuseum.org/history/timeline-1900-1924/1910-50th-anniversary-trip-to-england/

August 2 – Colour Sergeant William Henry Greet, who had been competing in Bisley with the Canadian Rifle Team, dies of enteric fever.


February 20 – Lieutenant Colonel Malcolm Smith Mercer replaces Henry Pellatt as Commanding Officer [2] p344

December – first meeting of the Maple Leaf Club


February 21 – Allied with The Buffs, Royal East Kent Regiment [Militia Order No 85]

Major General Sir William Otter authors ”The Guide: A Manual for the Canadian Militia (Infantry) Embracing the Interior Economy, Duties, Discipline, Drills and Parades, Dress, Books, and Correspondence of a Battalion with Regulations for Marches, Transport & Encampment, Also Forms & Bugle Calls“ (Note this may have been the third edition – may originally have been published in 1909 – Ed.)

August 4 – Germany invades Belgium

August 22 – The QOR of C contingent left for Valcartier in total there was 32 Officers and 760 other ranks that travelled to join the Canadian Expeditionary Force.

IMG_7865 - Version 2
3rd Battalion CEF at Valcartier – QOR Museum

Lieutenant Colonel Mercer promoted to Brigadier to command of 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade (1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Battalions)

August 29 – Second QOR of C contingent left for Valcartier a total of 4 Officers and 252 other ranks.

September 2 – 3rd Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force created under Camp Order 241 See the following for further details on the 3rd (Toronto) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force

RMS Tunisian on which the 3rd Infantry Battalion, CEF traveled to England in September/October 1914

September 25 – 3rd Battalion embarked at Quebec aboard RMS TUNISIAN with 42 officers and 1123 other ranks. One man fell overboard and another was operated on unnecessarily for appendicitis.

October 16 – 3rd Battalion disembarks in England

November 4 – Royal Inspection by King George V and Queen Mary, accompanied by Field Marshal Lord Roberts (who was Honorary Colonel of the Queen’s Own Rifles at the time) and Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, Mercer recorded their comments in his diary: “No finer physique in the British Army. A fine brigade. Splendid.

November 14 – Honorary Colonel Field Marshal Earl Roberts dies [2] p343


February 9 –  Mercer was promoted to full Colonel

February 11 – 3rd Battalion arrives in St Nazaire, France [2] p117

March 2 – Mercer received temporary promotion to Brigadier General

April 22 – First gas attack at Ypres

April 23 to 27 – 3rd Battalion rushed to provide reinforcements. C and D companies under Major A. E. Kirkpatrick (QOR) hold the line near St Julien. Casualties: 16 officers and 460 other ranks [2] p119

May 21 to 31- 3rd Battalion in action at Festubert. Casualties: 8 officers and 182 other ranks [2] p119

November 17 – Lieutenant Colonel Robert Rennie promoted to Brigadier General and appointed General Officer Commanding 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade.Lieutenant Colonel W. D. Allan, DSO takes command of 3rd Battalion [2] p119

December 4 – Mercer promoted temporary Major General and appointed General Officer Commanding of the new 3rd Canadian Division

April 8 – General Sir William Dillon Otter becomes Honorary Colonel of the Queen’s Own Rifles [2] p343

September – 3rd Battalion Band formed: its composite air was `The March of the Buffs’, `British Grenadiers’ and `Men of Harlech’.


June 2/3 – Major General Malcolm S. Mercer is killed while on reconnaissance mission in the front lines near Mount Sorrel. He becomes the highest ranking Canadian soldier ever killed in action to this day.

June 2 – Brigadier General Robert Rennie replaces Mercer as Commanding Officer of the Queen’s Own Rifles [2] p344

June 13 – 3rd Battalion participates in attack on Mount Sorrel. Casualties: 16 officers and 412 other ranks [2] p120

August to October – 3rd Battalion in Battle of the Somme. Casualties: 27 officers and 682 men [2] p120

October – Lieutenant Colonel William Donald Allan taken ill as a result of an old wound and is invalided to England where he died October 1st. Lieutenant Colonel J. B. Rogers, MC (QOR) takes over command of the 3rd Battalion. [2] p120


April 9 – 3rd Battalion participates in the attack on Vimy Ridge successfully reaching their objectives and capturing four guns. (See War Diaries transcription.) Casualties: 6 officers and 179 other ranks. [2] p120. One of those officers was Major Walter Eyre Curry.

May 3 – 3rd Battalion attacks at Fresnoy and secures objective. Causaulties: 12 officers and 245 other ranks [2] p121

August ? – 3rd Battalion attacks Hill 70. Casualties: 117 [2] p121

November 6 – 3rd Battalion launches a successful attack at Passchendaele. A Company is led by CSM Williams when all the officers are killed. Corporal Colin Barron of D Company will be awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions in this operation. Casualties: 9 officers and 254 other ranks [2] p121


August 8 to 9 – 3rd Battalion attacks at Amiens and then advances 10 miles. Casualties: 16 officers and 235 other ranks [2] p122

August 30 – 3rd Battalion attack on Vis-en-Artois and then on September 2 on Procourt-Quéant Line. Casualties from both actions: 18 officers and 334 other ranks [2] p122

September 27 – 3rd Battalion takes part in Battle of Cambrai achieving its objectives and capturing 28 heavy guns. Captain G. F. Kerr will be awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions. Casualties: 11 officers and 183 other ranks [2] p123

November 11 – Armistice comes into effect at 11:00 am while the 3rd Battalion is resting at Montigny [2] p123

November 13 – 3rd Battalion under major D.H.C. Mason commences the 250 mile march to the Rhine. [2] p123

December 4 – 3rd Battalion enters Germany [2] p123

December 9 – 3rd Battalion advance party reaches the Rhine River [2] p123

December 13 – 3rd Battalion (with the rest of the 1st Division) crosses the Rhine and is billeted in the Wahn Dynamite factory, 10 miles south east of Cologne [2] p123


Early January – Week Mess luncheons were started in order that returning QOR officers might meet and renew acquaintance.

January 10 – 3rd Battalion entrains for Belgium where they remain for two more months [2] p123

March 18 – 3rd Battalion entrained for Le Havre, France [2] p123

War artist Arthur Lismer captured the return of the troopship SS Olympic (centre) a sister ship to the titanic, to Halifax harbour following the First World War. Olympic’s multi-coloured dazzle camouflage, added in 1917 at the height of the German U-Boat threat, was intended to make the ship more difficult to identify and target.

March 22 – 3rd Battalion arrives in England and returns to the Bramshott camp and eight days leave granted to everyone [2] p123

April 14 – Again under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J. B. Rogers, CMG, SDO, MC, the 3rd Battalion embarks on the SS Olympic (sister ship to the Titanic) [2] p123 [See the National Film Boards video clip of Canadian Troops, which would have included the 3rd Battalion, and the SS Olympic]

April 21 – 3rd Battalion arrives back in Halifax, Canada and boards trains head west

April 23 – 31 officers and 694 other ranks of the 3rd Battalion arrive in Toronto to crowds of welcoming family, friends and neighbours to be officially demobilized. Those returnees included only 2 original officers, 6 officers who had been in the ranks at the start of the war, and 32 original other ranks. [2] p123

April 29 – The QOR Chapter of the IODE (Imperial Order of the Daughters of the Empire) gave a ball a the King Edward Hotel to honour returning officers [2] p125

October 10 – A smoker was held in the Armouries at which some thousand
attended. The bands, which throughout [WWI] had kept their organization
intact, played at this affair [2] p125


February  18 – So well entrenched did this rumour become [that the QOR would be subsumed by the 3rd Toronto Regiment] that a meeting was held at Casa Loma, presided over by Sir Henry Pellatt. This meeting was attended by The Queen’s Own officers and by ex-3rd Battalion and other Canadian Expeditionary Force unit officers who remained loyal to the old regiment. A brief was prepared on the matter and forwarded to General Sir Arthur Currie. [2] p126

May 1 – General Order 66 reorganized the Canadian militia. The Queen’s Own Rifles would continue as a regiment but dropped the “2nd Toronto” from their name [2] p126

September 15 – 3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion formally disbanded by General Order 149/20

October 1 – Regimental Headquarters authorized (General Order 161/20) [2] p375


April 16 – In the presence of a large crowd and many notable Canadians, a memorial plaque was unveiled at the University Armouries by the Prime Minster, the Right Honourable Aurthur Meighan. (With the demolition of the armouries, the plaque was later moved to the Moss Park Armouries) [2] p126/7  Major Gordon A. Sampson was the chair of the Memorial Plaque Committee who commissioned Miss Frances Loring to execute the design and its casting in bronze. Cost to the officers was approximately $750. [1965 letter from Gordon A. Sampson.]

November 11 – The Remembrance Day parade includes 2,763 QOR and ex-QOR participants [2] p127/8


May 26 – Provided Guard of Honour for Lord Byng of Vimy

Guard of Honour to his Excellency Lord Byng of Vimy, 26 May 1923
Guard of Honour to his Excellency Lord Byng of Vimy, 26 May 1923


May 7 – Regimental theatre night held to view “The Dumbells”, the Canadian Army show of World War I. [2] p129

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