Timeline: Uniforms

1862 The regiment consisted of ten rifle companies. No.1,2 and 3 wore rifle-green uniforms with scarlet facings; 4 and 5 wore light gray with scarlet facings; 6 “The Victoria Rifles” wore brown with scarlet facings; 7 wore dark gray with scarlet facings; 8 wore light gray with no facings; 9 wore rifle-green uniforms with scarlet facings but started off with gray uniforms, red trimmings and a cluster of cock’s feathers set on the shako; 10 wore Highland uniform.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

1855 Civil Service Company
1855 Civil Service Company – QOR Museum photo

Commanding Officers Report on circular October 13, 1862 concerning clothing and equipment of Volunteers Upper Canada

18 Dec 1862

The winter uniform to be worn by the Officers, specified in Regimental Orders, and to consist of a Dark Grey Coat trimmed with Grey fur, Grey fur cap with black leather peak and long boots or knickerbockers reaching to the knee. The remainder of the Uniform being similar (in theory) to that worn by Officers of other Rifle Regiments.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

14 March 1863

The Special Designation of “Queen’s Own Rifles” conferred – See letter under

Adjutant Generals Office

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

Quebec 14 March 1863

Sir, With reference to my letter to you of the 11st Just. I am now desired by HG The commander-in-Chief to acquaint you that Her Majesty has been pleased to approve of the 2nd Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles of Toronto being designated in future the “Queen’s Own Rifles” of Toronto.

I have the honour to be

(Sa) A de Salaberry Lieu Col

Lieu Col Durie Dept Aj Lieut Leich

Toronto

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

25 May 1863 – “The companies belonging to the battalion will parade in their usual regimental uniforms, including shakos with the green ball.” [2] p49

QOR officer with dog
QOR Officer with Shako and green ball – QOR Museum

 

25 may 1863

At a meeting of Officers on this day. The following letter was read Sanctioning the Standing Orders of the Battalion.

Adjutant Generals Office

Quebec 1st May

Sir,

I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 28 just last enclosing the standing orders of the Volunteer battalion under your command, which I now beg to relurn duly approved, by order of His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief subject to the provisions of the Militia Law.

With reference to the emblem or device enclosed in the said communication. I am to draw your attention to the General Orders of 10 March last, by which you will percieve that the designation granted to your Battalions is that of the “Queen’s Own Rifles” of Toronto.

I have the honour to be

(Sa) A de Salaberry Lieu Col

Lieu Col Durie Dept Aj Lieut Leich

Toronto

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

10 October 1863

At a meeting of Officers held this day it was “resolved”

“That the Caps worn as a portiore of the mister “Unfiorm of the Officer’s shall be in future without “Peaks”

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

12 May 1864 – Resolved that officers of the battalion provide themselves with Patrol Jackets and Forage Caps [2] p50

12 May 1864

At an Officers Meeting this day with was “Resolved” “That the Officers of the Battalion provide themselves with Patrol Jackets and forage Caps”

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

19 May, 1865, The following order was issued: –

“The Commanding Officer calls the attention of the NCO’s and men to the fact that the habit indulged in by some of them of wearing shirt collars on parade has the effect of giving them anything but a soldierlike appearance, and trusts that for the credit of the battalion the practice will in future be discontinued. Stocks of patent leather or other black material suitable for the purpose should invariably be worn when tunics are used. Or, in case the collar of the tunic should not admit of the stock being worn under it, a piece of black leather should be sewn on the underside of the front of the collar, so as to cover the opening in the front of the throat. But in no case shall any shirt collar be worn.”

“The proper regulation chevrons for the non-commissioned officers of the QOR are as follows, and will be worn on both arms: For corporals, two black stripes on a red ground, for sergeants, three black stripes on a red ground; for colour sergeants, the colors worked in gold with one fold stripe beneath on the right arm, and three black stripes similar to those worn by sergeants on the left arm; for staff sergeants, three gold stripes. The quarter master sergeant will wear four gold stripes. The sergeant major will wear four gold stripes with a crown on each arm.”

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

Staff Sgt closeup
Colour Sgt June 2nd Stratford 1866 – QOR Museum

19 May 1865

By Regimental Order of this date it was ordered that the Officers wear their undres Uniform on all occasions until otherwise specified.

11 September 1865

A Regimental Order issued requiring the Sword belts of Officers to be worn under the Tunic in future.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

2nd June 1866 No. 5 Coy QOR were armed wtih Spencer repeating rifles.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

8 October 1866 – Gold chevrons worn by Staff Sergeants are abolished and replaced by black braid on a red background [1] p70

22 October 1866

At the Quarterly meeting of Officers, held this day, it was resolved that the present Undress uniform was worn (Frock Coat & Grey Fur) be changed to a Black Cloth Patrol Jacket trimmed with Black fur, Black fur Cap, dress trousers and short leggings (Mounted Officers to wear Boots).

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

21st February 1867 The old Enfield rifles and bayonets were returned to provincial stores at Toronto, previous to the issue of Spencer repeating rifles, 600 of which were received by the battalion on February 26th.

On the last mentioned date a district order explained that as the issue of the Spencer rifles was only a temporary measure, pending receipt of breech-loaders, the Imperial Government would not sanction the marking of the arms.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

QOR 1866 Sgt right taken right after the Fenian Raids
QOR 1866 Sgt right taken right after the Fenian Raids – QOR Museum’s Photo
1866 days after the Fenian Raids - QOR Museum's Photo
1866 days after the Fenian Raids – QOR Museum’s Photo

 

3rd April 1867 At an officers meeting, held April 3rd, it was decided that a rolling collar on the patrol jacket replace the standing one previously worn, and that the facings on the collar of the same be discarded, also that the double stripe on the trousers of the officers be changed to a single two-inch stripe of mohair braid.

The officer commanding afterwards decided that the scarlet facing on the cuff of the jacket should not be worn in future.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

10th April 1867 The battalion went in to summer uniform. The tunics of the NCOs and men were improved in appearance by the addition of a shoulder strap marked with the since familiar “2/Q.O.R..”

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

1st May 1867 Cloth forage caps were provided for the sergeants and band, and by a regimental order, the field officers and adjutant were ordered to dispense with the peaks on their forage caps. On the 10th a memorial from the officers asking to be allowed to dispense with the peaks on all forage caps, being presented to the officer commanding, their request was granted.

14th June 1867 General Orders stated that arrangements had been made for the exchange of the Spencer rifles for Snider Enfield breech-loading rifles. The order continued: “The exchange will be made with the least possible delay, to effect which depots of these rifles and of ammunition for the same will be formed at Quebec, Montreal, Prescott, Kingston, toronto and London, from whence district staff officers may draw to supply the corps win their several districts.”

22nd October 1867 At a meeting of officers, it was resolved that the winter uniform, then worn, (frock coat and gray fur, etc.) be changed to a black cloth patrol jacket, trimmed with black fur, black fur cap, dress trousers and short leggings.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

QOR officer in winter dress
QOR officer in winter dress – QOR Museum photo

16 Feb 1870

Lt Col Durie inspected the great coats of the Regiment, with the to a new issue, and recommended the issue.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

4th July 1870

Quarterly meeting of the Officers, at which it was decided that application be made to the Mil Dept for the issue of the “Glengarry” forge Cap in place of the present one. Also that a photopgraph group of the Officers of the Regiment be made by Dept ______ and haser.

6th June 1871 “Just before going into camp, Glengarry caps were issued in place of forage caps.”

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

3rd April 1872

At the quarterly meeting of the officers, it was decided on motion of Major Otter that the Officers provide themselves with a green serge patrol jacket and toursers for drill purposes.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

20th April 1872

An issue of 585 Serge tunics and trousers (less 200 trousers issued last year) was made by the militia department to the Regiment, to serve for three years.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

26th May 1875

An issue of 450 Suits of Serge Clothing (Canadian Manufature) received.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

6th October 1875

At the Quarterly meeting of Officers it was decided that the Maltese Cross in the Centre of the Officers and Sergt Crossbelt be changed from Silver to Black enamel in the former and from Bronze to Scarlet enamel in the latter, application to be made to the Militia Department to have these changes gazetted – this application through made was not conceded until 7 feb & 14 March 1879, where the badge and motto were also gazetted, the change in the cross was however acted inform immediately.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

27th October 1875

An issue of the new pattern headdress for Rifles, is the Busby was furnished by the officers to the band, also Cloth Tunics procured for these from Government.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

18th October 1876

The Committe appointed in January last to revise the uniform, reported this day, recommending that the Offciers Uniform Shall consist of:

Full Dress Tunic & Busby

Mep Do Shell Jacket

Drill Do Serge Patrol

The Greatcoat not yet decided on.

These changes having received the Santion of the Major General Commanding were assented to by the Officers.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

28th November 1876

A large proportion of the Accoutrements of the Regiment condemmed by the DCG as unit for use.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

20th Januaray 1877

The Officers deteremined upon adopting as a watcoat, the Watch coat of dark grey cloth now worn in due service.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

22 February 1877

An issue of 550 new Scout Snider Rifles (5 groves and steel barrels) made to the Regiment in exchange for the long Snider, also Accoutrements (Black) Second Hand, sufficient to make up the establishment in place of those condemmed.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

18th July 1877

At an Officers Meeting held today, the Busby was fisced upon as the full Headdress of the Regiment.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

July 1877 The smart rifle busby was adopted as the full dress head dress of the regiment. A complete new issue of clothing was made during the autumn.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

Buchan, Adjt
Capt. Buchan, Adjt new busby – QOR museum photo

1st October 1877

An issue of new Cloth Tunics made to the Regiment (the first since 1867) also new Serge trousers.

The tunics were altered at the expense of Companies, by a piece of broad black braid on the collar and letters Q.O.R. on the shoulder straps.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

1st November 1877

The Busbys just received from England issued to Regiment.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

7th February 1878, The following appeared in general orders:

2nd Battalion The Queen’s Own Rifles, toronto.

Special Badge and Device authorized. The badge and device of the battalion shall be a maple leaf (in silver for officers and bronze for NCO’s and men) on which a scroll or garter clasped with a buckle and bearing the legend, “Queen’s Own Rifles” and the motto “In pace paratus” encircling the figure “2” and surmounted by the Imperial Crown.

1863 shako plate officer 2
Officers Shako Plate – Bob Dunk’s Collection

Cross belt ornaments – A lion’s head, chain and whistle in silver, with a centre ornament, which shall be on a silver plate between two wreaths of maple leaves (silver), conjoined at the base, encircling a Maltese cross of black enamel fimbriated, between the arms of the cross four lioncels (silver) passant gardant, charged upon the cross a plate of black enamel inscribed with the figure “2,” with a border also of black enamel and fimbricated, inscribed with the words, “Queen’s Own Rifles.” Over all the Imperial Crown, in silver, resting upon a supporting tablet of the same.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

7th Feb 1878 No.1 General Orders, with reference to the “cross belt ornaments” those of the sergeants shall be of bronze of the pattern therein described, substituting a scarlet enamel cross for the black, and a scarlet enamel tablet under the Crown.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

7th December 1878

An issue of 500 new pattern (danberry) Greatcoats was received.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

7th December 1878

With a new encouraging long needed term good service, a system of granting badges for 3, 6 and 9 year Service was inaugurated on the 27th August, and the first distribution was made on the 9th October.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

1st May 1879

Short leggings adopted by the Regiment, the cost being force by the Officers and men, 85 cents per pair.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

26th january 1882

Annual meeting of Officers in the Leature Room, at which the principal buisness done was the determintaion to abandon the use of the Glengarry as a forage cap the new Field Service Cap was decided on.

Regimental Diary 1860-1895 – City of Toronto Archive

1916

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6th June 1944 

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1960s 

1962-qor-rfn

See Also:

1880 RSOs – Regimental Standing Orders 1880

1894 RSOs Regimental Standing Orders 1894

1925 RSOs – Regimental Standing Orders 1925

1940-1943 RSOs – Regimental Standing Orders 1940-1943

D-Day 6 June 1944D-Day Rifleman’s Uniform

Enlisted Uniforms QOR WWIIEnlisted Uniforms

Evolution of Enlisted Tunics – Enlisted Tunics

Evolution of Cap Badges – The QOR of C Cap Badge Evolution

See also:

One thought on “Timeline: Uniforms”

  1. good morning . does anyone there have access to platoon photos from 1965 , i am looking for 132 platoon from 1965 currie barracks,or individual potos that they took when we signed up , are they out there?? vhart408@msn.com. thanks

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"In Pace Paratus – In Peace Prepared"