Timeline: Uniforms

1862 The regiment consisted of ten rifle companies. No.1,2 and 3 wore rifle-green uniforms with scarlet facings; 4 and 5 wore light gray with scarlet facings; 6 “The Victoria Rifles” wore brown with scarlet facings; 7 wore dark gray with scarlet facings; 8 wore light gray with no facings; 9 wore rifle-green uniforms with scarlet facings but started off with gray uniforms, red trimmings and a cluster of cock’s feathers set on the shako; 10 wore Highland uniform.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

1855 Civil Service Company
1855 Civil Service Company – QOR Museum photo

Commanding Officers Report on circular October 13, 1862 concerning clothing and equipment of Volunteers Upper Canada

25 May 1863 – “The companies belonging to the battalion will parade in their usual regimental uniforms, including shakos with the green ball.” [2] p49

QOR officer with dog
QOR Officer with Shako and green ball – QOR Museum

12 May 1864 – Resolved that officers of the battalion provide themselves with Patrol Jackets and Forage Caps [2] p50

19 May, 1865, The following order was issued: –

“The Commanding Officer calls the attention of the NCO’s and men to the fact that the habit indulged in by some of them of wearing shirt collars on parade has the effect of giving them anything but a soldierlike appearance, and trusts that for the credit of the battalion the practice will in future be discontinued. Stocks of patent leather or other black material suitable for the purpose should invariably be worn when tunics are used. Or, in case the collar of the tunic should not admit of the stock being worn under it, a piece of black leather should be sewn on the underside of the front of the collar, so as to cover the opening in the front of the throat. But in no case shall any shirt collar be worn.”

“The proper regulation chevrons for the non-commissioned officers of the QOR are as follows, and will be worn on both arms: For corporals, two black stripes on a red ground, for sergeants, three black stripes on a red ground; for colour sergeants, the colors worked in gold with one fold stripe beneath on the right arm, and three black stripes similar to those worn by sergeants on the left arm; for staff sergeants, three gold stripes. The quarter master sergeant will wear four gold stripes. The sergeant major will wear four gold stripes with a crown on each arm.”

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

Staff Sgt closeup
Colour Sgt June 2nd Stratford 1866 – QOR Museum

2nd June 1866 No. 5 Coy QOR were armed wtih Spencer repeating rifles.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

8 October 1866 – Gold chevrons worn by Staff Sergeants are abolished and replaced by black braid on a red background [1] p70

21st February 1867 The old Enfield rifles and bayonets were returned to provincial stores at Toronto, previous to the issue of Spencer repeating rifles, 600 of which were received by the battalion on February 26th.

On the last mentioned date a district order explained that as the issue of the Spencer rifles was only a temporary measure, pending receipt of breech-loaders, the Imperial Government would not sanction the marking of the arms.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

QOR 1866 Sgt right taken right after the Fenian Raids
QOR 1866 Sgt right taken right after the Fenian Raids – QOR Museum’s Photo
1866 days after the Fenian Raids - QOR Museum's Photo
1866 days after the Fenian Raids – QOR Museum’s Photo

 

3rd April 1867 At an officers meeting, held April 3rd, it was decided that a rolling collar on the patrol jacket replace the standing one previously worn, and that the facings on the collar of the same be discarded, also that the double stripe on the trousers of the officers be changed to a single two-inch stripe of mohair braid.

The officer commanding afterwards decided that the scarlet facing on the cuff of the jacket should not be worn in future.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

10th April 1867 The battalion went in to summer uniform. The tunics of the NCOs and men were improved in appearance by the addition of a shoulder strap marked with the since familiar “QOR.”

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

1st May 1867 Cloth forage caps were provided for the sergeants and band, and by a regimental order, the field officers and adjutant were ordered to dispense with the peaks on their forage caps. On the 10th a memorial from the officers asking to be allowed to dispense with the peaks on all forage caps, being presented to the officer commanding, their request was granted.

14th June 1867 General Orders stated that arrangements had been made for the exchange of the Spencer rifles for Snider Enfield breech-loading rifles. The order continued: “The exchange will be made with the least possible delay, to effect which depots of these rifles and of ammunition for the same will be formed at Quebec, Montreal, Prescott, Kingston, toronto and London, from whence district staff officers may draw to supply the corps win their several districts.”

22nd October 1867 At a meeting of officers, it was resolved that the winter uniform, then worn, (frock coat and gray fur, etc.) be changed to a black cloth patrol jacket, trimmed with black fur, black fur cap, dress trousers and short leggings.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

QOR officer in winter dress
QOR officer in winter dress – QOR Museum photo

6th June 1871 “Just before going into camp, Glengarry caps were issued in place of forage caps.”

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

July 1877 The smart rifle busby was adopted as the full dress head dress of the regiment. A complete new issue of clothing was made during the autumn.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

Buchan, Adjt
Capt. Buchan, Adjt new busby – QOR museum photo

7th February 1878, The following appeared in general orders:

2nd Battalion The Queen’s Own Rifles, toronto.

Special Badge and Device authorized. The badge and device of the battalion shall be a maple leaf (in silver for officers and bronze for NCO’s and men) on which a scroll or garter clasped with a buckle and bearing the legend, “Queen’s Own Rifles” and the motto “In pace paratus” encircling the figure “2” and surmounted by the Imperial Crown.

1863 shako plate officer 2
Officers Shako Plate – Bob Dunk’s Collection

Cross belt ornaments – A lion’s head, chain and whistle in silver, with a centre ornament, which shall be on a silver plate between two wreaths of maple leaves (silver), conjoined at the base, encircling a Maltese cross of black enamel fimbriated, between the arms of the cross four lioncels (silver) passant gardant, charged upon the cross a plate of black enamel inscribed with the figure “2,” with a border also of black enamel and fimbricated, inscribed with the words, “Queen’s Own Rifles.” Over all the Imperial Crown, in silver, resting upon a supporting tablet of the same.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

7th Feb 1878 No.1 General Orders, with reference to the “cross belt ornaments” those of the sergeants shall be of bronze of the pattern therein described, substituting a scarlet enamel cross for the black, and a scarlet enamel tablet under the Crown.

Reference “History of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada by Captain Ernest J. Chambers”

1916

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6th June 1944 

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1960s 

1962-qor-rfn

See Also:

1880 RSOs – Regimental Standing Orders 1880

1894 RSOs Regimental Standing Orders 1894

1925 RSOs – Regimental Standing Orders 1925

1940-1943 RSOs – Regimental Standing Orders 1940-1943

D-Day 6 June 1944D-Day Rifleman’s Uniform

Enlisted Uniforms QOR WWIIEnlisted Uniforms

Evolution of Enlisted Tunics – Enlisted Tunics

Evolution of Cap Badges – The QOR of C Cap Badge Evolution

See also:

One thought on “Timeline: Uniforms”

  1. good morning . does anyone there have access to platoon photos from 1965 , i am looking for 132 platoon from 1965 currie barracks,or individual potos that they took when we signed up , are they out there?? vhart408@msn.com. thanks

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"In Pace Paratus – In Peace Prepared"